Why did Christ have to die such a terrible death on the cross? Was there no other way? Why was there need for a divine substitute? This book explores the very heart of the Christian Gospel—that Christ died in the place of sinners, bearing their sin and guilt and the just and holy punishment that they deserved from God. The doctrine of the atonement has become the subject of intense debate, and this book shows that the understanding of the death of Christ as a work of penal substitution is the principal way—though not the only way—in which the Bible views the death of Christ, and that this has been taught at every period in the history of the church.
Praise for the Print Edition
A timely reminder…that the theme of penal substitution has always been at the very heart of biblical Christianity.
—John Brand, U.K. Director, Africa Inland Mission International
- Title: The Divine Substitute: The Atonement in the Bible and History
- Authors: Brian Edwards and Ian Shaw
- Publisher: Day One
- Publication Date: 2006
- Pages: 160
About the Authors
Brian Edwards was pastor of Hook Evangelical Church, Surbiton, for twenty-nine years, before becoming president of the Fellowship of Independent Evangelical Churches. He is an international speaker and a member of the Tyndale Society. He has a ministry of writing, lecturing and preaching, and is the author of over eleven books. Brian lives in Surrey and has two sons and three granddaughters.
Ian Shaw has been lecturer at the International Christian College in Glasgow since 1996. He has a Ph.D. in church history from the University of Manchester.