The Bible is comprised of a collection of books given by God to be the authoritative rule of faith and practice. But where did these books come from? And why does the church elevate the Bible above other books and above other forms of divine revelation? In The Canon of the New Testament: How and When Formed, B. B. Warfield outlines the long and winding process which produced the New Testament canon, including the paradoxical relationship between divine inspiration and human authorship, as well as the process by which the church recognized some books as authoritative and others not. Most importantly, Warfield explains why the New Testament contains the most theologically and historically reliable source of divine revelation.
Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield was born in 1851 in Lexington, Kentucky. He studied mathematics and science at Princeton University and graduated in 1871. In 1873, he decided to enroll at Princeton Theological Seminary, where he was taught by Charles Hodge. He graduated from seminary in 1876, and was married shortly thereafter. He traveled to Germany later that year to study under Franz Delitazsch.
After returning to America, Warfield taught at Western Theological Seminary (now Pittsburgh Theological Seminary). In 1881, Warfield co-wrote an article with A. A. Hodge on the inspiration of Scripture—a subject which dominated his scholarly pursuits throughout the remainder of his lifetime. When A. A. Hodge died in 1887, Warfield became professor of Theology at Princeton, where he taught from 1887–1921. History remembers Warfield as one of the last great Princeton Theologians prior to the seminary’s re-organization and the split in the Presbyterian Church. B. B. Warfield died in 1921.