Tertullian lived during the second and third century, and he helped the church refine its theology and defended it against pagan attack. He also helped articulate many of its central doctrines—in his writings we find the first usage of the word “Trinity” and the first mention of the Trinitarian formula—“three persons, one substance.” B. B. Warfield offers a biographical sketch of Tertullian’s life, along with an account of his historical and theological influence. The second part of Studies in Tertullian and Augustine is devoted to the life of Augustine. Warfield outlines the significant moments in Augustine’s life and summarizes his impact on theology in the Western Church. He includes chapters on Augustine’s doctrine of knowledge and authority, on Augustine’s Confessions, and concludes with a lengthy article on Augustine and the Pelagian Controversy.
Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield was born in 1851 in Lexington, Kentucky. He studied mathematics and science at Princeton University and graduated in 1871. In 1873, he decided to enroll at Princeton Theological Seminary, where he was taught by Charles Hodge. He graduated from seminary in 1876, and was married shortly thereafter. He traveled to Germany later that year to study under Franz Delitazsch.
After returning to America, Warfield taught at Western Theological Seminary (now Pittsburgh Theological Seminary). In 1881, Warfield co-wrote an article with A. A. Hodge on the inspiration of Scripture—a subject which dominated his scholarly pursuits throughout the remainder of his lifetime. When A. A. Hodge died in 1887, Warfield became professor of Theology at Princeton, where he taught from 1887–1921. History remembers Warfield as one of the last great Princeton Theologians prior to the seminary’s re-organization and the split in the Presbyterian Church. B. B. Warfield died in 1921.