This volume describes the attitudes towards Gentiles in both ancient Judaism and the early Christian tradition. The Jewish relationship with and views about the Gentiles played an important part in Jewish self-definition, especially in the Diaspora where Jews formed the minority among larger Gentile populations. Jewish attitudes can be found in the writings of prominent Jewish authors (Josephus and Philo), sectarian movements and texts (the Qumran community, apocalyptic literature, Jesus) and in Jewish institutions such as the Jerusalem Temple and the synagogue.
In the Christian tradition—which began as a Jewish movement but developed quickly into a predominantly Gentile tradition—the role and status of Gentile believers in Jesus was always of crucial significance. Did Gentile believers need to convert to Judaism as an essential component of their affiliation with Jesus, or had the appearance of the messiah rendered such distinctions invalid? This volume assesses the viewpoints on attitudes towards Gentiles and the status and expectations of Gentiles in the Christian church.
In the Logos edition, this volume is enhanced by amazing functionality. Important terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. Perform powerful searches to find exactly what you’re looking for. Take the discussion with you using tablet and mobile apps. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.
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“S. J. D. Cohen has argued that in the first half of the Second Temple period the Hebrew term Yehudi and the Greek equivalent Ἰουδαῖος meant not ‘Jew’ but ‘Judean’. This ethno-geographic term denoted either a member of the Judean people living in the traditional homeland or, in the Diaspora, a member of an association of people who originally hailed from Judah.” (Page 11)
“Josephus, who states that in Antioch many Gentiles were attracted to Jewish ceremonies and were incorporated with the Jews in some measure (B.J. 7.45).” (Page 16)
“the Torah specified that the Israelites were not to intermarry with the seven Canaanite nations among which they lived” (Page 10)
“they were careful to distinguish themselves from these ‘resident aliens’ or gerim” (Page 10)
“more firmly on cultural and religious practices than on racial origins.” (Page 12)
David C. Sim is associate professor in theology at Australian Catholic University in Melbourne, Australia.
James McLaren is senior lecturer in the school of theology at Australian Catholic University in Melbourne, Australia.