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Lexham Research Commentary: 2 Timothy

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Jumpstart Your Research

Paul seems particularly concerned with his ministry legacy in 2 Timothy. He wants to ensure that Timothy will continue his ministry after he’s gone. Paul emphasizes the importance of imitation—urging Timothy to teach as he taught as an example for maintaining his credibility as a teacher.

The Lexham Research Commentary is your starting point for study and research. Each volume gives you the tools you need to find answers quickly. This commentary is designed to do the time-consuming work of searching through commentaries, journal articles, and monographs to find the information you need, saving you valuable time by curating all of the best literature in one place—it’s a commentary on the commentaries. The annotated notes on the various viewpoints and interpretive options within the text allow you to quickly synthesize a broad range of views on a particular passage. Dense, jargon-filled research is distilled into easy-to-understand comments. As you critically study the text, the contextual notes help you place the passage within the narrow context of the biblical book and the broader context of the entire canon.


The Lexham Research Commentaries were formerly known as the Lexham Bible Guides.

A Smart Way to Study the Bible

  • Find things fast. There’s no need to locate, read, and notate dozens of reference materials. Everything is in one spot. It’s concise enough to digest, but broad enough so you know everything’s covered.
  • See connections. The overview format leads you to research topics you may have never read about or heard of. This snapshot view of the text provides an ideal starting point for sermon preparation or academic research.
  • Gain perspective. You’ll get an overview of all the relevant issues related to a particular biblical passage, from exegetical topics like structure and genre, to interpretive issues presented by commentators. You’ll also find links to lexicons and commentaries for word studies in Logos, plus lots of links to related literature for further study. Everything is organized and summarized in one spot—only a click away.
  • Designed digital-first. These commentaries are written from the ground up to take full advantage of Logos’ platform. The interconnectivity of the Lexham Research Commentaries within the Logos library provides you with relevant, curated content at a click. There’s no need to flip through pages, pore over commentaries, or search through dictionaries. You get access to the best content available—instantly.

Top Highlights

“The central theme of 2 Timothy is Paul’s charge to Timothy to carry on with his ministry.” (2 Timothy 1:6–14)

“The main themes of the letter relate to Paul’s goal of persuading Timothy in his ministry commitment. Johnson” (source)

“This charge is the central theme of 2 Timothy because Timothy was somehow failing to fulfill his ministry calling. The nature of his failure or weakness may be evident from 2 Tim 1:7, where Paul says, ‘God has not given us a spirit of cowardice.’ The inference is that Timothy was held back in ministry effectiveness because of a timid spirit. Perhaps he had not opposed the false teachers as boldly as Paul had expected after his first letter (see 1 Tim 1:3, 18; 4:6, 11–16). This rhetorical thesis statement leads directly into the first argument or proof in the letter, in which Paul continues to exhort Timothy toward more effective ministry (2 Tim 1:8–14).” (2 Timothy 1:6–14)

“He wants to inspire Timothy—and us—to the kind of commitment that will stand up to anything.” (2 Timothy 1:6)

“Many people are willing to endure almost any torment as long as they can find some purpose to give it meaning. Other people don’t face much suffering, but order their lives around trivial purposes. To Paul, the gospel—the ‘good news’—is the only purpose that he sees as worthwhile, and he is suffering great hardship to remain loyal to it. The gospel connects him to the central narrative of life: God’s mercy shown through Christ (2 Tim 1:9).” (2 Timothy 1:6)


The Lexham Research Commentary provides the following for each literary unit:

  • Customizable media slides for use in the classroom
  • An introductory overview
  • An outline of the unit’s structure and biblical significance
  • A summary and explanation of key words, important facts, and controversial issues
  • A listing and description of related literature for further study
  • An application overview
  • Concluding thoughts

Product Details

  • Title: Lexham Research Commentary: 2 Timothy
  • Authors: Douglas Mangum and E. Tod Twist
  • Editor: Derek R. Brown
  • Series: Lexham Research Commentaries
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2013

About the Authors

Douglas Mangum is an academic editor for Lexham Press. He holds a PhD in Hebrew from the University of Free State and holds an MA in Hebrew and Semitic Studies from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is a Lexham English Bible and Lexham Research Commentary editor, a Faithlife Study Bible contributing editor, a Studies in Faithful Living co-author, a regular Bible Study Magazine contributor, and a frequently consulted specialist for the Lexham Bible Dictionary.

E. Tod Twist is a major contributor to the Faithlife Study Bible and a regular contributor to Bible Study Magazine. Tod holds an MA in theological studies and an MA in Hebrew.

About the Editor

Derek R. Brown is an academic editor for Lexham Press. He holds a PhD in New Testament Studies and Christian Origins from the University of Edinburgh, a MCS in New Testament Studies from Regent College, and a BSc in Religious Studies from the University of Oregon. He is a Faithlife Study Bible contributing editor, a Studies in Faithful Living co-author, a Lexham Research Commentary co-author, and a regular Bible Study Magazine and Lexham Bible Dictionary contributor.


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  1. Mathew Haferkamp
    These Lexham Research Commentaries are Great. You can use it as a pretty quick refresher on the book and also to go in-depth. And when I say in-depth you could take your time and research the book deeply, it not only takes you to the books (being talked about) but right to the article they are talking about.
  2. Wild Eagle

    Wild Eagle


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