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Where Is Boasting?: Early Jewish Soteriology and Paul’s Response in Romans 1–5
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Where Is Boasting?: Early Jewish Soteriology and Paul’s Response in Romans 1–5


Eerdmans 2002

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This important work challenges the validity of the “New Perspective” on Paul and Judaism. Working with new data from Jewish literature and a fresh reading of Romans 1–5, Simon Gathercole produces a far-reaching criticism of the current approach to Paul and points a new way forward. Building on a detailed examination of the past generation of scholarship on Paul and early Judaism, Gathercole’s work follows two paths.

First, he shows that while early Judaism was not truly oriented around legalistic works-righteousness, it did consider obedience to the Law to be an important criterion at the final judgment. On the basis of this reconstruction of Jewish thought and a rereading of Romans 1–5, Gathercole advances his main argument–that Paul did indeed combat a Jewish perspective that saw obedience to the Law both as possible and as a criterion for vindication at the final judgment. Paul’s reply is that obedience to the Law is not a criterion for the final judgment because human nature makes obedience to the Law impossible. His doctrine of justification can therefore be properly viewed in its Jewish context, yet anthropological issues also take center stage.

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Interested in more? Be sure to check out the Eerdmans Pauline Studies Collection

Key Features

  • Challenges the validity of the “New Perspective” on Paul and Judaism
  • Discusses obedience to the Law and vindication at the final judgment
  • Views Paul’s doctrine of justification in light of its Jewish context


  • Works and Final Vindication in Pre–70 c.e. Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha
  • Works and Final Vindication in the Qumran Literature
  • Jewish Soteriology in the New Testament
  • Obedience and Final Vindication in the Aftermath of 70 c.e.
  • Boasting in Second Temple Judaism
  • Paul’s Assessment of Jewish Boasting in Romans 1:18–3:20
  • Paul’s Reevaluation of Torah, Abraham, and David in Romans 3:27–4:8
  • The Resurrection of Boasting in Romans 5:1-11

Praise for the Print Edition

Gathercole has offered a stimulating study that makes an important contribution to an ongoing debate that may perhaps, with the aid of commendable efforts like his own, enter into new and more fruitful stages of discussion.

Journal of Biblical Literature

The volume is important for our understanding of the theology of early Judaism, for Pauline exegesis and theology and for New Testament theology in general. . . . Well written and persuasive.

Evangelical Quarterly

Product Details

About Simon J. Gathercole

Simon J. Gathercole is lecturer for the faculty of divinity at the University of Cambridge.