An indispensable and incomparable reference work, the Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament—newly translated from the original German edition—makes a wealth of theological insight accessible for the first time in English. In these volumes, outstanding scholars provide in-depth and wide-ranging investigations of the historical, semantic, and theological meanings of Old Testament concepts. This reference work serves a wide audience, from professors and researches to pastors and students of the Bible.
Whereas traditional lexicons do little more than offer possible translations in the light of etymological and grammatical evidence, the Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament goes further, evaluating each term’s theological relevance by clearly describing its actual usage in the language. In the process, it makes available to readers many form- and tradition-critical insights which—until now—have been buried in scattered commentaries, monographs, Old Testament theologies, and journal articles. Thus, the individual articles in this lexicon serve as concise, well-structured histories of research, which contain conclusions, comprehensive discussions of controversies, and references to the most important literature in several related disciplines.
The words in the Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament are included because of their importance within the Hebrew Bible, not their suitability as elements of a secondary system of Old Testament theology. Since the entries are generally ordered according to roots—the traditional and most sensible approach to the lexical study of Semitic languages—and many words are treated as derivatives, synonyms, or antonyms of the terms listed in the articles, thousands of words are considered in approximately 330 articles. Other words can easily be found in the accompanying index. Besides the lexical entries on the key verbs, nouns, and adjectives, the Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament also examines theologically noteworthy pronouns and particles in their own separate entries.
With the Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament and the powerful tools in your Libronix Digital Library, serious theological and lexical study of the Old Testament can be accomplished quickly and accurately. You can now perform powerful searches faster than ever, and accomplish complex lexical research accurately and effectively. Knowing Hebrew will be an advantage, but English transliterations make this lexicon enormously useful for English-only study as well. Not only biblical studies scholars, but also—and especially—pastors, teachers, and others interested in serious theological studies of the Bible will profit from this important work.
Within the genre of the ‘theological dictionary’ the work of Jenni and Westermann is, within the limits of space, outstanding for its conciseness, care, and accuracy. It contains much linguistic information that is not easily accessible in the customary ‘linguistic’ dictionary. Its statistical work and tabulation are particularly valuable. In particular, the criticisms which were directed against theological dictionaries have been taken seriously, and faults have been avoided.
—James Barr, Distinguished Professor of Hebrew Bible, Vanderbilt Divinity School
Like a diamond, highly prized for its fine cut, sparkle, setting, durability, utility, and symbolism, Jenni-Westermann’s Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament has enormous value for a variety of reasons. Its rich data range from the historical to the theological, from the earliest occurrence of a particular word to its post-biblical use, from its distribution in the canon to its attestation in other literature from the ancient Near East, from its grammatical and syntactical peculiarities to its religious nuance. The contributors retain their original perspectives, which give freshness and excitement to the whole. I have long wished for an English translation of this important work so that my divinity students would have access to it.
—James L. Crenshaw, Robert L. Flowers Professor of Old Testament, Duke University
Ernst Jenni is a member of the faculty of theology at the University of Basel and serves on the editorial committee of Theologische Zeitschrift.
Claus Westermann, emeritus professor at the University of Heidelberg, is author of the 3-volume Continental Commentary on Genesis and numerous other Old Testament studies.
Mark E. Biddle is associate professor of Old Testament and Hebrew Bible at the Baptist Theological Seminary at Richmond, Virginia. He received his Dr.Theol. from the University of Zurich and his Th.M. from Rüschlikon Baptist Theological Seminary.