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Classic Studies on the Synoptic Problem (5 vols.)
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Overview

This collection of classic monographs on the Synoptic problem presents seminal works from eminent scholars that were instrumental in shaping the field of Synoptic scholarship. These foundational texts address major issues in Synoptic scholarship, such as the mixture of shared and unique material in each Synoptic account, and what this reveals about the date, composition, and interrelatedness of the Synoptics. Henry Owen’s innovative Observations on the Four Gospels presents the first formulation of the extremely influential two-Gospel hypothesis. In Horae Synopticae, John C. Hawkins presents an overview of scholarship on the Synoptic problem for an orientation to its status at the beginning of the twentieth century. Abbott and Rushbrooke provide a harmony of the Synoptics, with the important “Triple Tradition” common to all three Synoptics in bold. Abbott’s The Corrections of Mark Adopted by Matthew and Luke presents clues to the solution of the Synoptic problem from supposed Hebrew sources. Oxford Studies in the Synoptic Problem presents a collection of essays covering the most important issues in the Synoptic problem from the faculty of Oxford. These classic texts allow you to understand the foundations and development of this perennial issue in New Testament studies.

In the Logos editions, these valuable volumes are enhanced by amazing functionality. Scripture and ancient-text citations link directly to English translations and original-language texts, and important terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. Perform powerful searches with the Topic Guide to instantly gather relevant biblical texts and resources, enabling you to jump into the conversation with the foremost scholars on the Synoptic problem. Tablet and mobile apps let you take the discussion with you. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place so you get the most out of your study.

For more classic works on the Synoptics, check out the Recensio Synoptica Annotationis Sacrae (9 vols.).

Key Features

  • Classic monographs on the Synoptic problem
  • In-depth treatments of one of the most discussed issues in New Testament studies

Individual Titles

Oxford Studies in the Synoptic Problem

  • Editor: William Sanday
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication Date: 1911
  • Pages: 456

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

This collection of essays by faculty members at Oxford University presents in-depth analyses of the Synoptic problem. It discusses various topics and hypotheses, including the historical circumstances contributing to the Synoptic problem, extensive discussion of the hypothetical text of Q, Luke’s use of Mark, the so-called “double tradition” of Matthew and Luke, the “Book of Sayings” used by Matthew, the Aramaic background of the Gospels, the eschatological problem in Synoptic criticism, and more.

William Sanday (1843–1920) was Dean Ireland’s Professor of Exegesis of Holy Scripture and Lady Margaret Professor of Divinity at Oxford as well as fellow of the British Academy. He served as an editor of the 1880 Variorum Bible and contributed several articles to the Encyclopaedia Biblica.

The Corrections of Mark Adopted by Matthew and Luke

  • Author: Edwin A. Abbott
  • Publisher: A & C Black
  • Publication Date: 1901
  • Pages: 335

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

In this volume, Edwin A. Abbott presents evidence that Mark was a common source used by Matthew and Luke. He attempts to account for the rise of variant readings in the Synoptic by appealing to Hebrew sources. For example, where one Gospel mentions “Idumaea” and another “Syria,” Abbott concludes that these readings came from a common Hebrew source that simply read אדם, which refers to either “Idumaea” or “Syria.” Abbot bases his interpretation of the textual history of the Synoptics on commonly recognized textual phenomena in the Hebrew Bible and Septuagint. He then applies these observations to the Synoptics in order to demonstrate the priority of Mark over Matthew and Luke.

Edwin A. Abbott (1838–1926) was educated at St. John’s College, Cambridge, in classics, mathematics, and theology. He was appointed headmaster of the City of London School, where he served until retirement. He authored several works on a variety of topics, including the entry on the Gospels in the Encyclopedia Britannica.

Horae Synopticae: Contributions to the Study of the Synoptic Problem

  • Author: John C. Hawkins
  • Edition: 2nd, Revised and Supplemented
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication Date: 1909
  • Pages: 223

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

In this very informative volume, John C. Hawkins takes up the modest, but extremely valuable, task of compiling and distilling the research on the Synoptic problem so that students of the Gospels can have a proper orientation to the subject. Rather than attempt to put forth a new theory of the Synoptic problem or confirm previous attempts at a solution, this text offers an essential introduction to this complex and profoundly important question in New Testament studies.

John C. Hawkins was honorary canon of St. Albans.

The Common Tradition of the Synoptic Gospels in the Text of the Revised Version

  • Authors: Edwin A. Abbott and William George Rushbrooke
  • Publisher: Macmillan and Co.
  • Publication Date: 1884
  • Pages: 156

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

This volume offers a harmony of the Synoptic Gospels in columns of aligned text. A unique contribution of this work is the bold text in each of the Synoptic accounts that delineates what is known as the “Common” or “Triple Tradition” in Synoptic scholarship. This tradition, the authors argue, predates any of the Gospels and is the closest thing to the original account of Jesus of Nazareth. Abbott and Rushbrooke present this harmony after providing the reader with an extensive introduction to the Synoptic problem.

Edwin A. Abbott (1838–1926) was educated at St. John’s College, Cambridge, in classics, mathematics, and theology. He was appointed headmaster of the City of London School, where he served until retirement. He authored several works on a variety of topics, including the entry on the Gospels in the Encyclopedia Britannica.

William George Rushbrooke (1849–1926) was educated at St. John’s College, Cambridge, on a scholarship for academic merit; he was later appointed a fellow there. He then served as headmaster of St. Olave’s Grammar School.

Observations on the Four Gospels: Tending Chiefly, to Ascertain the Times of Their Publication; and to Illustrate the Form and Manner of their Composition

  • Author: Henry Owen
  • Publisher: T. Payne
  • Publication Date: 1764
  • Pages: 114

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

This seminal classic represents a foundational development in Synoptic scholarship that shaped the course of the field for centuries to come. It is argued that this seminal work was the first formulation of what would later be known as the two-Gospel hypothesis, followed by Johann Jakob Griesbach and William Farrar. Henry Owen’s purpose in writing this volume was to arrive at deeper insight into, and more fruitful reading of, the Gospels by better understanding their origin and composition. In his own words, Owen presents this study as a way to “throw light on difficult passages and help us to reconcile the seeming contradictions which obstruct our progress in these sacred studies . . . [and to] impart an additional luster, force, and propriety to the several arguments which the Scripture offers for the confirmation and improvement of our faith.”

Henry Owen (1716–1795), a Welsh theologian and biblical scholar, was rector of St. Olave and fellow of the Royal Society. He studied at Jesus College, Oxford where he studied mathematics and medicine. He was later ordained as a priest in the Anglican Church.

Product Details

  • Title: Classic Studies on the Synoptic Problem
  • Volumes: 5
  • Pages: 1,284