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The Creeds of Christendom, vol. 1: The History of Creeds
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The Creeds of Christendom, vol. 1: The History of Creeds


Harper & Brothers 1878

Runs on Windows, Mac and mobile.


In The Creeds of Christendom, Philip Schaff offers a critical analysis of the most important and fully developed expressions of faith. Through the words of the creeds, Schaff explains that honest controversy can produce lasting union, and that the theological controversies of the historic church have made the present church stronger. Schaff writes these volumes for a church divided, and begs a multitude of denominations to explore their common origins and common beliefs.

Volume 1 explores the ecumenical creeds, the creeds of the Greek Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church, as well as the numerous confessions of the Protestant Church. Schaff offers a history of not only well-known confessions, such as the Belgic Confession, but also a history of the numerous lesser-known confessions.

In all, this volume contains a history of 118 creeds and confessions and a sweeping view of the church’s attempt to articulate its doctrine and define matters of faith and belief in light of cultural challenges and theological controversy.

With Logos, this important work by Philip Schaff is easier to read than ever before! The Scripture texts link to your Greek and Hebrew texts and English translations. And your digital library gives you the ease and flexibility to read Schaff alongside the primary texts of the key figures in church history, such as Thomas Aquinas, John Calvin, Jonathan Edwards, and the Church Fathers.

Key Features

  • Doctrinal history of the church
  • Creeds and confessions of all Christian denominations
  • Authentic material for the study of Comparative Theology—Symbolics, Polemics, and Irenics

Praise for the Print Edition

In the development of the discipline of church history in the United States, few scholars played a more important role than the Swiss-born, German-educated immigrant Philip Schaff. His model of careful, accurate, comprehensive, and irenic scholarship . . . remains worthy of admiration and emulation.

—R. Graham, professor of American church history, North Park Theological Seminary

No scholar of his generation has interested me so much. He was broad, powerful, a man of great genius.

William G. T. Shedd

Philip Schaff wanted to be remembered as a Christian scholar, and he pursued this scholarship in the context of his grand and optimistic ecumenical vision . . . Schaff was, in his own words, an inveterate hoper.

—George Shriver

Product Details

  • Title: The Creeds of Christendom, vol. 1: The History of Creeds
  • Author: Philip Schaff
  • Publisher: Harper & Brothers
  • Publication Date: 1877
  • Pages: 947

About Philip Schaff

Philip Schaff (1819–1893) was born in Chur, Switzerland. He was educated in Germany at Tübingen, Halle, and Berlin, where he studied under August Neander. In 1843, he moved to America and became a professor of church history and biblical literature at the German Reformed Theological Seminary in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania.

During that time, he edited a hymnal, worked on the liturgy in the German Reformed Church, and edited a translation of the Heidelberg Catechism. The English translation of his History of the Apostolic Church appeared in 1853. Schaff remained at Mercersburg until 1863, when the Civil War forced the seminary to close.

In 1870, Schaff became a professor at Union Theological Seminary. During his tenure there, he held the chair of theological encyclopedia and Christian symbolism, the chair of Hebrew and cognate languages, the chair of sacred literature, and the chair of church history. He also served on the committee that translated the American Standard Version.

Schaff also authored or edited the History of the Christian Church, Early Church Fathers, and the New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. He is remembered as one of America’s foremost church historians of the nineteenth century.