Faithlife Corporation

Business Hours

Monday – Saturday
6 AM – 6 PM PST
Local: 3:07 PM
The Biblical Polemic Against Empires
See inside
This image is for illustration only. The product is a download.

The Biblical Polemic Against Empires


Lexham Press 2018

Runs on Windows, Mac and mobile.


Reading the Bible in light of its Ancient Near Eastern context can dramatically influence the way we interpret Scripture. The Biblical Polemic Against Empires analyzes the Babylonian concept of deity, with particular orientation to theocracy. Professor Burns illustrates how three themes—deity, kingship, and city—govern the biblical polemic. These themes correspond to three principles: theocracy, correspondence, and interpenetration, which inform our understanding of the biblical arguments against idolatry.

By focusing on specific prophetic narratives, Burns argues that the biblical authors’ concern for truth is present on virtually every page in Scripture. By comparing competing texts in the Bible and Ancient Near Eastern materials, he highlights a direct attack on Babylonian principles. Special attention is devoted to prophetic narratives from protology to eschatology in the biblical revelation.

Burns demonstrates the importance of understanding Babylon’s theocratic culture and how it influenced Scripture’s authors.

The Logos Bible Software edition of The Biblical Polemic Against Empires is designed to encourage and stimulate your study and understanding of the Bible in light of its cultural context. Scripture passages link directly to your English translations and to the original language texts, and important theological concepts link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library.

Key Features

  • Presents a biblical perspective of idolatry
  • Cites biblical and Ancient Near Eastern sources


  • Introduction
    • The Scope
    • The Sources
    • The Method
    • The Cosmological Framework
  • The Principle of Theocracy
    • The Nature of Mesopotamian Theocracy
    • The Ideals of Mesopotamian Theocracy
    • The Realities of Mesopotamian Theocracy
  • The Principle of Correspondence
    • The Background of the Principle
    • The Definition of the Principle
    • The Application of the Principle
    • The Source of the Principle
    • The Realities behind the Principle
  • Biblical Contrasts to the Principle of Correspondence
    • The Contrast with Archetypes
    • The Contrast with the Character of the Religion
  • The Principle of Interpenetration
    • The Background of the Principle
    • The Definition of the Concept
    • The Application of the Principle

Product Details

  • Title: The Biblical Polemic Against Empires
  • Author: Lanier Burns
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Pages: 563

About Lanier Burns

Lanier Burns is a research professor at Dallas Seminary with doctorates from the seminary and the University of Texas at Dallas. He has conducted post-doctoral research at Harvard and Oxford universities.

Sample Pages from the Print Edition

More details about this resource