Edward Ross Wharton found that the writers of the classical period of Latin literature, down to the death of Trajan in AD 117, used 26,326 words (excluding proper names), all of which except 4,320 sufficiently explain their own formation—thus are derivatives or compounds of these 4,320 words. In Etyma Latina: An Etymological Lexicon of Classical Latin, Wharton treats 3,055 of these 4,320 words, being those found in the 16 Latin authors of the first rank: Plautus, Terence, Cicero, Caesar, Catullus, Lucretius, Sallust, Vergil, Horace, Livy, Tibullus, Propertius, Ovid, Persius, Tactitus, and Juvenal. Setting aside some 380 words of obscure origin which cannot as yet be classified, these 3,055 words fall into the following three classes:
- I. Inherited words: having cognates on other Indo-Celtic languages
- II. Manufactured words: derivatives or compounds of the words in class I
- III. Imported words: borrowed from Greek or other languages
With the Logos edition of Etyma Latina: An Etymological Lexicon of Classical Latin the user can link to and from Latin texts and other lexicons in your library, as well as perform lightning-fast searches. This enables the reader to quickly jump from the Latin texts to Wharton’s lexicon with the click of the mouse.
- Keyed to important Latin texts in the Logos Library
- Useful for lexical studies
- Ability to search for any Latin root word
- Part 1: Etymological Lexicon
- Part 2: Comparative Etymology
- Genesis of Latin Letters
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About Edward Ross Wharton
Edward Ross Wharton (1844–1896) earned his BA and MA from Trinity College, Oxford. In 1868, he was elected fellow of Jesus College, Oxford, and was a noted philologist and genealogist.