Steve Moyise offers an illuminating yet accessible guide to the various ways that Jesus employed Scripture, both in his teaching and in his understanding of his ministry.
After analyzing the scriptural quotations and allusions in the four canonical Gospels, Moyise examines the views of a range of key scholars—Borg, Crossan, Dunn, France, Kimball, Vermes, and Wright—and shows how their differing reconstructions of Jesus’ use of Scripture inform their understanding of his historical impact and significance.
“In conclusion, Mark presents Jesus as a law-abiding Jew who was at odds with any who would use ‘tradition’, or even the law itself, as a means of avoiding what he considered to be the true intent of the law.” (Page 19)
“Thus Jesus is clearly portrayed as one who upholds the law and is hostile to ‘traditions’ (halaka) that undermine it.” (Page 14)
“This I shall call the ‘moderate’ view. It accepts that real events lie behind the Gospel stories but believes that they have been embellished as each Gospel writer adapts the tradition to meet his readers’ needs. Thus Mark is known as the ‘suffering Gospel’ and seems to go out of its way to emphasize the suffering aspects of Jesus’ ministry. John is at the other end of the spectrum, emphasizing that what looked like suffering was in reality Jesus’ victory.” (Page 9)
“Mark clearly intends this to be ironic: the Pharisees complain that Jesus is breaking the commandments while they themselves are engaged in a plot to have someone murdered.” (Page 15)
“What is clear is that Mark thinks that Jesus upheld the spirit of the Sabbath against Pharisaic traditions.” (Page 16)
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