The Lexham English Septuagint (LES) is a new translation of the Septuagint, the Greek version of the Old Testament writings used during New Testament times and in the early church. Beautifully typeset in a comfortable, single-column format, the LES provides a literal, readable, and transparent English edition of the Septuagint for modern readers. Retaining the familiar forms of personal names and places, the LES gives readers the ability to read it alongside their favored English Bible. Translated directly from Swete’s edition of the Septuagint, the LES maintains the meaning of the original text, making the Septuagint accessible to readers today.
The second edition of the LES makes more of an effort than the first to focus on the text as received rather than as produced. Because this approach shifts the point of reference from a diverse group to a single implied reader, the new LES exhibits more consistency than the first edition.
The English-Greek Reverse Interlinear Lexham English Septuagint, Second Edition aligns the Greek text of H.B. Swete’s Septuagint with the word order of the English translation. It aims to assist in the reading and study of the Septuagint by allowing users to mix English and Greek terms in searches and to immediately discern the text from which the translation was made. Like other reverse interlinears available in Logos Bible Software, this reverse interlinear adds information on the underlying Greek text in lines below the English text as well as in a reverse interlinear “ribbon” on the bottom of the resource window. The display of these items is completely configurable.
Familiarity with the Septuagint is vital for any interaction with both the New Testament authors and the Ancient Church, for by and large this was their Old Testament. There is then a need to have a good translation of the Septuagint, and this one, the second edition of the Lexham English Septuagint, fits the bill to a T. It is by far the best on the market in terms of both its reliable textual basis and its faithful, consistent, readable translation. I am thrilled to see this new edition out and honored to endorse it. .
–Michael A.G. Haykin, FRHistS, Chair and professor of Church History The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky
This is a very welcome addition to the translations of the Septuagint. It is sure to be an indispensable resource for scholars and general readers alike.
–John T. Pless, Assistant Professor of Pastoral Ministry and Mission/Director of Field Education, Concordia Theological Seminary, Fort Wayne, IN
In the field of Septuagint studies that has been blossoming over the past decade or so, Lexham makes a very important contribution: an up-to-date and methodologically-sound English translation of the Greek Old Testament (and Apocrypha). The LES makes significant steps forward in translation philosophy, accuracy, and readability. It will prove tremendously valuable to those studying both Old and New Testaments (and the relationship between them), particularly by providing a clearer window on the specific wording of the Septuagint.
–Gregory R. Lanier, Associate Professor of New Testament, RTS-Orlando, Co-editor, Septuaginta: A Reader’s Edition (2 vols; Hendrickson, 2018)
St. Jerome did not reject or disdain the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, and we should not either. Nonetheless, for students of Christian tradition who want to know what the Fathers read when they read their Old Testament, access to the Septuagint is essential. Orthodox Christians, for whom the Fathers occupy a special and authoritative role in their approach to the Scriptures, must be especially interested in the Septuagint. Fortunately for us all, Lexham Press has published a scholarly and readable English version of the Greek Septuagint. This is an indispensable tool for a broader and historical interpretation of the Old Testament Scriptures.
–Archpriest Lawrence Farley, Pastor, St. Herman of Alaska Orthodox Church (OCA), Langley B.C., Canada
Ken Penner (PhD, McMaster University) is professor of religious studies at St. Francis Xavier University in Antigonish, Nova Scotia. He is a member of the Society of Biblical Literature, the National Association of Professors of Hebrew, and the International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies.