Davies brings together all the relevant aids to exegesis—linguistic, textual, philological, archaeological, historical, literary, and theological—to help the reader understand the text at hand. The first ten chapters of Exodus cover the affliction in Egypt and the finding of Moses as well as the plagues of Egypt and Moses’ interactions with Pharaoh. In addition to the parting of the waters and the defeat of Pharaoh’s army the chapters commented upon also include the so-called ‘Song of the Sea’ in Exodus 15, a complex hymn that Davies studies in depth, and the provision of manna in the desert. The textual issues are varied and Davies navigates them deftly, providing close commentary and profound insights into these well-known texts.
Two results of Davies’s research are to place the old hypothesis of an Elohistic source on a much stronger footing and to reaffirm that both it and the J source extended through both Genesis and Exodus.
For over 100 years, the International Critical Commentary series has held a special place among works on the Bible. It has sought to bring together all the relevant aids to exegesis-linguistic and textual no less than archaeological, historical, literary and theological-with a level of comprehension and quality of scholarship unmatched by any other series. No attempt has been made to secure a uniform theological or critical approach to the biblical text: contributors have been invited for their scholarly distinction, not for their adherence to any one school of thought. The first paperback editions to be published cover the heart of the New Testament, providing a wealth of information and research in accessible and attractive format.
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Graham I. Davies is Emeritus Professor of Old Testament Studies at the University of Cambridge, and a Life Fellow of Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, UK.