Business Hours

Monday – Saturday
6 AM – 6 PM PDT
Local: 9:38 PM

Sign in

  1. Forgot your password?
Classic Commentaries and Studies on the Epistles of John (25 vols.)
This image is for illustration only. The product is a download.

Overview

Classic Commentaries and Studies on the Epistles of John (25 vols.) offers some of the most significant classical studies and scholarship on the epistles of John from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. With notable authors such as Augustus Neander, Robert S. Candlish, William Kelly, and J. J. Lias, Classic Commentaries and Studies on the Epistles of John (25 vols.) contains over 8,000 pages of interpretation, observations, translations, contextual history, and practical application. The 25 volumes contained in the Classic Commentaries and Studies on the Epistles of John (22 vols.) have had an enduring impact on New Testament exegesis, and this exceptional collection provides easy access to this wealth of significant scholarship.

With Logos Bible Software, this collection is completely searchable, with passages of Scripture appearing on mouse-over, as well as being linked to the Greek and Latin texts and English translations in your library. This makes these texts more powerful and easier to access than ever before for scholarly work or personal Bible study. With the advanced search features of Logos Bible Software, you can perform powerful searches by topic or Scripture reference—finding, for example, every mention of “faith” or “1 John 3:11.”

Key Features

  • Over 8,000 pages of scholarship on the epistles of John
  • Noted authors from a variety of backgrounds

Individual Titles

The First Epistle of John, Practically Explained

  • Author: Augustus Neander
  • Publisher: Lewis Colby
  • Publication Date: 1852
  • Pages: 324

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Providing thorough exegesis on the First Epistle of John, Augustus Neander walks chapter-by-chapter through the text while emphasizing practical application.

The author has caught the spirit of the Master, and we thank the accomplished translator for having so faithfully and beautifully rendered his work into English.

The Christian Examiner

No modern theologian has evinced so many of the characteristics of the Apostle John, as Neander: and he is specifically qualified, by a quicker sympathy than common, to catch the spirit of the beloved Apostle's writings. There is a noble freedom and assurance in his tread, a flow of feeling, an eloquence of utterance, such as even Neander exhibits nowhere else.

The Methodist Review

Augustus Neander (1789–1850) was Professor of Theology in the University of Berlin. He is the author of Uber den Kaiser Julianus und sein Zeitalter, Der heilige Bernard und sein Zeialter, and a work on Gnosticism entitled Genetische Entwickelung der vornehmsten gnostichen Systems.

The First Epistle of John Expounded in a Series of Lectures

  • Author: Robert S. Candlish
  • Publisher: Adam and Charles Black
  • Publication Date: 1877
  • Pages: 577

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Originally delivered as a series of twenty-two lectures, Robert S. Candlish's The First Epistle of John Expounded in a Series of Lectures provides succinct explication of the text.

We are pleased to see a reprint of these profoundly interesting lectures. The venerable and distinguished author has not aimed at learned disquisition, but at practical comment. We warmly commended the work to our readers on its first appearance. It is a hopeful sign that the high intellect and holy fervor in these expositions are so widely appreciated.

The British Quarterly Review

We are not surprised that a second edition of this valuable series of lectures has been called for with three years after its first publication. Every discourse evinces intellectual opulence; it is marked by a subtlety of thought, exegetical fact, combined with a clear and forcible hardness.

The Contemporary Review

Robert S. Candlish (1806–1873), a Scottish pastor, became a principal figure in establishing the Free Church of Scotland in 1843. A prolific author, prominent professor, and popular preacher, he was stationed as the distinguished principal of New College, Edinburgh in 1862.

An Exposition of the First Epistle of John

  • Author: James Morgan
  • Publisher: T&T Clark
  • Publication Date: 1865
  • Pages: 532

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Initially given as a series of fifty-two lectures, James Morgan provides verse-by-verse exposition of the text. Focusing on explication of composition, hermeneutics, and motifs throughout the Epistles, Morgan combines thorough exegesis with practical application. Taking the time to furnish ample clarification on doctrine, the author conveys a trenchant but literal rendering of the original text within historical context.

The author . . . has done his work well. Contenting himself with the endeavor to exhibit in course the doctrine and ethics of the Apostle, he has produced a plain, sensible, and very useful book, to which preachers may turn with advantage in making their pulpit-preparations, and where devout students of Holy Writ will meet with much to instruct and profit them.

The London Quarterly Review

These four solid volumes of Biblical exposition are all issued by one firm in Edinburgh, who seem bent upon transferring to the English language the bes works of the modern German evangelical theology. Dr. Morgan is already favorably known by a treatise on the Scripture Testimony to the Holy Spirit. His commentary on the first Epistle of John . . . brings to light the rich veins of instruction contained in the Epistle, all centering in the Person of our Lord, and in the inculcation of brotherly love.

The American Presbyterian and Theological Review

James Morgan was a Moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland in 1846, and a Pastor of a church in Belfast.

An Exposition of the First Epistle General of St. John

  • Author: John Stock
  • Publisher: Rivingtons
  • Publication Date: 1865
  • Pages: 488

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Moving expositionally verse-by-verse, John Stock provides extensive commentary on the First Epistle of John. Focusing on the development of doctrines and the intentional elucidation of esoteric themes within the text, Stock offers practical commentary that is fit for clergy and laymen alike.

John Stock was late Vicar of Finchingfield, Essex and incumbent of Cornish Hall End.

A Commentary on the First Epistle of St. John

  • Author: William Edward Jelf
  • Publisher: Longmans, Green, and Co.
  • Publication Date: 1877
  • Pages: 134

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Exegetically examining the First Epistle of St. John, William Edward Jelf provides concise elucidation and explication of the text. Referring to semantics for literal interpretation, Jelf offers insight on historical context, colloquial use of language, and textual emphasis. Jelf's commentary relies on early Church fathers and theologians such as Iranaeus, John Calvin, and Martin Luther for further clarification on doctrinal points.

William Edward Jelf (1811–1875) was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford. Jelf went on to become Proctor of Christ Church from 1843–1849 and Vicar of Carleton from 1849–1854. He is the author of several titles including A Grammar of the Greek Language, Syntax, and Supremacy of Scripture.

The Spirit of Love; or, A Practical and Exegetical Commentary on the First Epistle of John

  • Author: William Graham
  • Publisher: Benton Seeley
  • Publication Date: 1857
  • Pages: 364

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Taken from a series of lectures delivered at the University of Bonn, William Graham's The Spirit of Love examines the questions of authorship, audience, composition, intent, and scope of the text. Utilizing interlinear commentary, Graham provides clarification on semantic interpretation, historical context, and intended themes throughout the Epistle.

This commentary is sui generis, and partakes of the many-sideness, varied learning, and earnest piety which characterize its author. The author has made use of every commentary which he 'could find in the English, German, Greek, and Latin languages in expounding this epistle. He considers at length its authorship, its date, its object, and its content. There is very much to instruct, edify, and refresh the Christian reader in this excellent commentary.

Meliora

William Graham was a member of the Royal-Irish Academy, Honorary Member of the Arabic Historical Society of Syria, and Member of the Archaeological Society of the Rhine.

An Exposition of the First Epistle General of John, Comprised in Ninety-Three Sermons, vol. 1

  • Author: Samuel Eyles Pierce
  • Publisher: James Nisbet and Co.
  • Publication Date: 1835
  • Pages: 577

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Originally delivered as a series of sermons, Samuel Eyles Pierce examines the exhortations found in the First Epistle of John. Scrutinizing authorship, composition, and doctrines found within the text, Pierce walks verse-by-verse expositionally through the text. Volume one includes sermons 1–51.

Samuel Eyles Pierce (1746–1829) was educated at College Trefeca (later merged with Westminster College, Cambridge) before becoming a pastor at a church in Gainsborough. Pierce later gained a reputation as Calvinist.

An Exposition of the First Epistle General of John, Comprised in Ninety-Three Sermons, vol. 2

  • Author: Samuel Eyles Pierce
  • Publisher: James Nisbet and Co.
  • Publication Date: 1835
  • Pages: 364

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Originally delivered as a series of sermons, Samuel Eyles Pierce examines the exhortations found in the First Epistle of John. Scrutinizing authorship, composition, and doctrines found within the text, Pierce walks verse-by-verse expositionally through the text. Volume one includes sermons fifty-two through ninety-three.

Samuel Eyles Pierce (1746–1829) was educated at College Trefeca (later merged with Westminster College, Cambridge) before becoming a pastor at a church in Gainsborough. Pierce later gained a reputation as Calvinist.

A Commentary on the First Epistle of St. John in the Form of Addresses

  • Author: Ernst Dryander
  • Publisher: Elliot Stock
  • Publication Date: 1899
  • Pages: 276

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Initially delivered from the pulpit between 1893–1896, Ernst Dryander's A Commentary on the First Epistle of St. John in the Form of Addresses focuses on exposition of the text—as well as practical application of key doctrinal points. Dryander provides a series of eighteen sermons that walk thematically through the text.

These addresses are simple and practical . . . pious and very pleasant.

The Expository Times

Ernst Dryander (1843–1922) was Superintendent General of the the Kurmark and Pastor of the Holy Trinity Church in Berlin.

The First Epistle of St. John with Exposition and Homiletical Treatment

  • Author: J. J. Lias
  • Publisher: James Nisbet & Co.
  • Publication Date: 1887
  • Pages: 448

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Focusing on textual criticism, stylistic characterization, canonicity of the text, and formulation of doctrines, J. J. Lias provides thorough exposition on the First Epistle of John. Utilizing semantics for direct interpretation of the text, Lias emphasizes grammatical analysis in order to recognize the entire scope and context of the Epistle.

Mr. Lias divides the Epistles into sections, expounds each section verse by verse and clause by clause with considerable fullness, and adds at the bottom of every page a brief homiletical treatment of the greatest passages. Mr. Lias is a scholar and a tried expositor. His work is always faithful and trustworthy.

The Expository Times

One of the most beautiful, instructive, and edifying expositions of St. John's First Epistle we have ever seen. Mr. Lias seems to us to have entered into the very heart of St. John's Divine Theology. We know of no book that throws more light upon the teaching of the Apostle whom Jesus loved.

Methodist Times

J. J. Lias (1834–1923) was Chancellor of Llandaff Cathedral and a Hulsean Lecturer in Divinity and Lady Margaret Preacher at the University of Cambridge. Lias later went on to become the Vicar of St. Edwards, Cambridge.

The First General Epistle of St. John the Apostle, Unfolded and Applied

  • Author: Nathanael Hardy
  • Publisher: James Nichol
  • Publication Date: 1865
  • Pages: 412

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Arranged as a series of fifty lectures, Nathanael Hardy's The First General Epistle of St. John the Apostle provides diligent exposition of the text within historical context. Providing lucid clarification on doctrinal implications within the text, Hardy seeks to convey both esoteric and exoteric themes displayed in the Epistle.

This volume belongs to Nichol's series of Commentaries of the Puritan period. It consists of fifty-nine sermons on the first and second chapters of the epistle, and is characterized by clear views of what is generally understood by Evangelism; much, and sometimes superfluously minute analysis, frequently recurring reference to the [early Church] fathers . . . we like this book much.

The Rainbow

Nathaniel Hardy (1618–1670) was educated at Magdalen Hall and Hart Hall, Oxford before being ordained. Hardy went on to become the Pastor of St. Dionis, Backchurch. Hardy was later honored with a Doctorate of Divinity from Hart Hall, Oxford and the Vicarage of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields. Hardy is the author of many works including Justice Triumphing, A Divine Prospective, Wisdom's Character, and The Pious Votary.

The First Epistle of John, or, God Revealed in Life, Light, and Love

  • Author: Robert Cameron
  • Publisher: A. J. Rowland, 1899
  • Publication Date:
  • Pages: 296

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Carefully studying the First Epistle of John, Robert Cameron provides succinct exposition of the text within an exegetical framework. Supplementing his exegesis with notable authors such as Robert Candlish, Brooke F. Westcott, and John N. Darby, Cameron explores the key doctrines within the text—while relying on semantics for direct interpretation.

The writer has been a close and patient student of this Epistle, and has thus been enabled to draw out much of its inner meaning . . . and the result is, a book which greatly enriches our Bible literature, and will prove both stimulating and helpful to every student of the divine word.

Christian Work

One of the most pleasantly written of our popular commentaries on 1 John.

The Presbyterian and Reformed Review

Robert Cameron (born 1839) was educated at the University of Toronto and the William Jewll College before becoming a pastor in New York City. Cameron is also the author of The Doctrine of the Ages and the Editor of Watchword and Truth.

The First Epistle of St. John

  • Author: Erich Haupt
  • Translator: W. B. Pope
  • Publisher: T&T Clark
  • Publication Date: 1879
  • Pages: 440

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Providing critical interpretation on the First Epistle of John, Eric Haupt examines Johannaean authorship, semantic and dogmatic interpretation, and the theopneustic nature of the text. Haupt inculcates the fundamental ideologies and themes throughout the Epistles, and clarifies difficult passages for further understanding.

The student who uses his work will find in it interesting discussions in reference to the leading Johannean ideas, and will be aided in his efforts to enter into the Apostle's thought. To the limited number of valuable books upon the subject of which it treats, the volume must be regarded as a timely edition.

New Englander and Yale Review

This is certainly one of the best of Clark's importations from Germany. Haupt's commentary is characterized by earnest faith and deep learning . . .it combines 'microscopic' examination of words, with careful study of the order and sequence of thought.

The Dublin Review

Erich Haupt (1841-1910) studied in Berlin before becoming professor of New Testament exegesis at the University of Kiel. Haupt later went on to become Rector of Greifswald and Halle. He is the author of several titles including The Old Testament Citations in the Four Gospels, The Church and the Theological Freedom of Teaching, and To Understand the Apostolate in the New Testament.

The Epistles of St. John

  • Author: Charles Gore
  • Publisher: Charles Scribner's Sons
  • Publication Date: 1920
  • Pages: 258

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Derived from a series of lectures originally delivered at Westminster Abbey, Charles Gore's The Epistles of John focuses on explication of the text, explanation of presuppositions and figurative language, and the authenticity of authorship. Gore provides extensive notes for further elucidation of key points and further reading.

His point of view on critical questions involved is that of conservative scholarship, and his style is adapted to enlighten the popular rather than the learned mind. The volume is a definite addition on these writings.

The Interior

Charles Gore (1853-1932) studied at Oxford and was subsequently elected as a fellow of Trinity College at Oxford. Writer of over a dozen theological books, he was also the Vicar of Radley, Canon of Westminster, and later, Bishop of Oxford. Gore helped found the Christian Social Union.

Lectures on the Epistles of St. John

  • Author: William Lincoln
  • Publisher: J. F. Shaw
  • Publication Date: 1871
  • Pages: 200

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Originally delivered as a series of eight lectures to the Beresford Chapel in Walworth, England, William Lincoln provides concise commentary that articulates the importance of the doctrines within the text. Expressing the context and milieu of the Epistle, Lincoln develops explanation of key commandments and admonitions within the text. Stating that these should be acknowledged regardless of religious sect or denomination, the author offers practical application and response to the text.

William Lincoln was a nineteenth century theologian. Lincoln is the author of several titles including Lectures on the Book of Revelation, Josephus and Jesus, and Notes of Lectures on the Epistle to the Hebrews.

A Commentary on the Epistles of St. John

  • Author: Gottfried Christian Friedrich Lücke
  • Publisher: Thomas Clark
  • Publication Date: 1837
  • Pages: 408

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Assessing authorship, intended audience, scope of doctrine, and composition of the text, Gottfried C. F. Lücke provides thorough exposition of the text with regard for Ecclesiastical and historical interpretation. Lücke actively engages the audience to look at the differences between heuristic and theopneustic doctrines displayed throughout the Epistle.

Gottfried Christian Friedrich Lücke (1791-1855) was educated at the University of Halle, the University of Göttingen, and at the Friedrich Wilhelm University in Berlin. Lücke went on to become professor of theology at the University of Bonn.

The Epistles of St. John: A Series of Lectures on Christian Ethics

  • Author: Frederick Denison Maurice
  • Publisher: Macmillan and Co.
  • Publication Date: 1893
  • Pages: 389

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

The Epistles of St. John: A Series of Lectures on Christian Ethics is composed of a series of twenty-one lectures that convey the essentials of Christian ethics and doctrines. Exegetically examining the doctrines of sin, purification, human nature, and love, Frederick Denison Maurice systematically walks through the text.

Mr. Maurice's most effective and instructive work. He is peculiarly fitted by the constitution of his mind to throw light upon St. John's writings.

The National Review

Frederick Denison Maurice (1805–1872) was born at Normanston, Suffolk, and after obtaining a civil law degree and pursuing a career in the literary field, decided to seek Anglican ordination. In 1834 he was ordained and was appointed as Chaplain of Guy's Hospital. He authored numerous popular books, including The Kingdom of Christ, Moral and Metaphysical Philosophy, The Prophets and Kings of the Old Testament, and The Lord's Prayer, a Manual.

An Exposition of the Epistles of John the Apostle

  • Author: William Kelly
  • Publisher: T. Weston
  • Publication Date: 1905
  • Pages: 422

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Looking at the Epistles of John doctrinally and rhetorically, William Kelly provides vital exposition and clarity on the Epistles of John. Observing the intent and heart of the Epistle's message, Kelly elucidates the exhortations found in the text. Informative and practical, An Exposition of the Epistles of John the Apostle effectively enunciates the intended representation of Christian life.

William Kelly (1823–1906), born in Ireland, moved to London after attending Trinity College in Dublin. Becoming highly involved with the Plymouth Brethren, he also became a prolific writer, earning the respect of theologians such as Henry Alford. He is quoted as having said "There are three things real—the Cross, the enmity of the world, the love of God.

Commentary on the Epistles of John

  • Author: Henry A. Sawtelle
  • Publisher: American Baptist Publication Society
  • Publication Date: 1895
  • Pages: 102

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Primarily focusing on examining authorship, intended audience, scope of the text, and doctrinal implications, Henry A. Sawtelle's commentary offers valuable exegesis on the Epistles of John. Tracing key themes from the Old Testament into the Epistles of John, Sawtelle extends clarification on semantics, classical hermeneutics, and implicit motifs.

Henry A. Sawtelle (1832–1885) was educated at Colby University and Newton Theological Institution before being ordained. Sawtelle went on to become pastor of a church in Limerick, Maine and later, a missionary. He was later bestowed an honorary Doctorate of Divinity by Michigan Hillsdale College in 1874.

Studies in the Epistles of John

  • Author: A. R. Cocke
  • Publisher: The Presbyterian Committee of Publication
  • Publication Date: 1895
  • Pages: 158

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Originally delivered as a series of nine lectures at a Church in Weynesboro, Virginia, A. R. Cocke's Studies in the Epistles of John walks verse-by-verse through the text. Indicating the importance of the doctrines advanced in these particular Epistles, Cocke discusses the central purpose of the text—which is admonition.

A little over two years ago Dr. Cocke published his Studies in Ephesians, and a few months later he issued two pamphlets on Immersion in the Bible. The former of these showed him to be a clear and devout expositor of Scripture, and the latter evinced him to be a fair and effective controversialist. These publications also gave good promise in saying that the volume before us goes far to fulfill this promise. It's exposition if careful and correct, its literary style simple and lucid, and its tone is spiritual and devout. To read the book will minister strength and comfort to heart and life.

The Presbyterian Quarterly

A. R. Cocke (1858–1901) was pastor at Southern Presbyterian in Waynesbro, VA and Chair of Theology at Southwestern Presbyterian University. Cocke was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Divinity by Washington and Lee University in 1893.

Half-Hours with St. John's Epistles

  • Author: Daniel Steele
  • Publisher: Christian Witness Company
  • Publication Date: 1901
  • Pages: 261

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Providing a concise introduction and outline on the Epistles of St. John, Daniel Steele combines exegetical commentary with daily devotions. Dilineating the authorship and stylistic characteristics portrayed in the text, Steele examines the rhetoric, doctrines, and admonitions held within the Epistles.

Daniel Steele (1824–1914) was educated at Wesleyan University before becoming a tutor in Mathematics. Steele later went on to become a pastor in Boston, professor of ancient languages at Syracuse University, and professor of systematic and exegetical theology at Boston University. He was well known as the first great scholar and theologian of the Methodist Holiness movement (19th century).

Memoir of the Controversy Respecting the Three Heavenly Witnesses, 1 John 5:7

  • Author: William Orme
  • Publisher: Nichols and Noyes
  • Publication Date: 1867
  • Pages: 236

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Originally appearing in the Congregational Magazine as a series of several articles, William Orme's Memoir of the Controversy Respecting the Three Heavenly Witnesses, 1 John 5:7 follows the controversy of authenticity for a later section of the verse. Asserting that the text was later inserted into the translation by Erasmus, Orme presents the evidences provided by various theologians including John Howe, John Stuart Mill, John Newton, and Johann J. Griesbach.

William Orme (1787–1830) was the minister of Camberwell, and later the minister of Perth. Orme is the author of several titles including The Practical Works of Richard Baxter, The Life of the Rev. John Owen, and Catechism.

Fellowship in the Life Eternal: An Exposition of the Epistles of St. John

  • Author: George G. Findlay
  • Publisher: Hodder and Stoughton
  • Publication Date: 1909
  • Pages: 431

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Fellowship in the Life Eternal: An Exposition of the Epistles of St. John is a continuous and systematic exposition of the three epistles of John, based on close grammatical and historical examination.

George G. Findlay (1849–1919) was Professor of Biblical Languages at Wesleyan College, Headingley.

The Tests of Life: A Study of the First Epistle of St. John

  • Author: Robert Law
  • Publisher: T&T Clark
  • Publication Date: 1909
  • Pages: 421

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

The lectures in The Tests of Life: A Study of the First Epistle of St. John were first delivered as part of the Kerr Lectures for 1909. Law's thorough study of 1 John covers the doctrine of Christ, the doctrine of propitiation, righteousness, love, belief, assurance, eschatology, and much more.

Robert Law was minister of Lauriston Place United Free Church, Edinburgh.

Biblical Commentary on the Epistles of St. John, in Continuation of the Work of Olshausen

  • Author: John H. A. Ebrard
  • Publisher: T&T Clark
  • Publication Date: 1860
  • Pages: 423

Sample Pages: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Continuing the work of Hermann Olshausen's Biblical Commentary on the New Testament (6 vols.), John H. A. Ebrard provides a verse-by-verse commentary on the epistles of John.

John H. A. Ebrard was born at Erlangen, and studied at Erlangen and Berlin Universities. He was Chair of Theology at Zurich, and then became counselor of the Consistory of Spiers. He was the editor of the Journal of the Reformed Church for numerous years.

Product Details

  • Title: Classic Commentaries and Studies on the Epistles of John
  • Volumes: 25
  • Pages: 8,941