The New Testament is of prime importance for understanding early Jewish and Christian messianism and eschatology. Yet often the New Testament presumes a background and context of belief without fully articulating it. Early Jewish and Christian messianism and eschatology, after all, did not emerge in a vacuum; they developed out of early Jewish hopes that had their roots in the Old Testament. A knowledge of early Jewish literature, and especially of the Dead Sea Scrolls from Qumran, is essential for understanding the shape of these ideas at the turn of the era.
In this book, the inaugural volume in the Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature series, Craig Evans and Peter Flint have assembled eight essays from outstanding scholars who address this issue from a variety of angles. After an introduction by the editors, successive essays deal with the Old Testament foundations of messianism; the figure of Daniel at Qumran; the Teacher of Righteousness; the expectation of the end in the Scrolls; and Jesus, Paul, and John seen in light of Qumran.
Peter W. Flint is associate professor of biblical studies and codirector of the Dead Sea Scrolls Institute at Trinity Western University in Langley, British Columbia, Canada.
“There can be little doubt that when the Markan evangelist began his Gospel with the words, ‘The beginning of the good news of Jesus Christ, the Son of God’ (Mark 1:1), he deliberately imitated the language used in reference to the Roman emperors.” (Page 93)
“most likely explanation is that they retained value because even before the Common Era they bore the hope of a new David” (Page 24)
“Towards the end of the Old Testament period, eschatological hope was sometimes linked with the expectation of a Messiah (‘anointed one’), who would usher in the promised new age.” (Page 2)
“what is not obvious is why the ruling priests readily perceived that the parable had been told ‘against them” (Page 98)
“apocalyptic writers tended to link the oppressing nations with cosmic powers that were opposed to God” (Page 2)