Continuing his earlier treatment in volume 1, Baird takes on the formative era of the nineteenth century in a balanced and readable fashion. Part 1 covers New Testament scholarship in America, Great Britain, and Continental Europe from prominent minds, such as Jonathan Edwards, Charles Hodge, Horace Bushnell, Philip Schaff, J. B. Lightfoot, Brook Foss Westcott, Albrecht Ritschl, and Adolf von Harnack. Part 2 includes discussions of various expanding fields and figures in New Testament research, such as J. H. Moulton’s linguistic research, Albert Schweitzer’s thoroughgoing eschatology, and the historical criticism of Strack and Billerbeck, seen most notably in their remarkable three-volume Commentary on the New Testament from the Talmud and Midrash.
“Paul, above all, is a particular kind of mystic. ‘His mysticism is not acting mysticism, but reacting mysticism, not a mysticism which strives after absorption in the Deity but a mysticism which receives communion with God as a gift of grace.’” (Page 182)
“In regard to the Bible, the liberal scholars abandoned the orthodox doctrine of inspiration and rejected the idea of infallibility. They adopted the Enlightenment method of scientific, historical criticism. Although many members of the Tübingen school had become truant, the liberals maintained the historicism of Baur with its belief in uninhibited criticism and historical development.1 Most of all, the liberal theologians had unlimited confidence in human ability to master the data and resolve all the historical and exegetical problems. Having eaten of the tree of Wissenschaft, they had become like God, knowing the difference between fact and fable.” (Page 86)
“The Bible,’ says Hodge, ‘is to the theologian what nature is to the man of science. It is his store-house of facts.’” (Page 32)
“Although Hodge may not have been bursting with new ideas, he expressed the old in new and compelling ways” (Page 32)
“The Virgin Birth of Christ is Machen’s magnum opus—a classic statement of the doctrine” (Page 356)