Engage Philippians through the fresh literary perspective of rhetorical criticism, and gain insights from recent archaeological discoveries, and a consideration of the “effective” history of the letter through its influence on the church. Gerald Hawthorne reassesses the issues of provenance and identity of Paul’s opponents and places special emphasis on the themes of joy in suffering and life in Christ are fleshed out in great detail.
The Word Biblical Commentary delivers the best in biblical scholarship, from the leading scholars of our day who share a commitment to Scripture as divine revelation. This series emphasizes a thorough analysis of textual, linguistic, structural, and theological evidence. The result is judicious and balanced insight into the meanings of the text in the framework of biblical theology. These widely acclaimed commentaries serve as exceptional resources for the professional theologian and instructor, the seminary or university student, the working minister, and everyone concerned with building theological understanding from a solid base of biblical scholarship.
“God’s peace, like a garrison of soldiers, will keep guard over our thoughts and feelings so that they will be as safe against the assaults of worry and fear as any fortress.” (Page 247)
“Paul’s encounter with the resurrected and living Christ created within him not only a consuming desire to know Christ intimately and fully, but also an awareness that this was something that could not be achieved in a moment. To know the incomprehensible greatness of Christ demands a lifetime of arduous inquiry.” (Page 206)
“Paul’s motive in using it here is not theological but ethical.” (Pages 105–106)
“Rather, it is a poetic, hymnlike way of saying that Christ poured out himself, putting himself totally at the disposal of people (cf. 1 John 3:16), that Christ became poor that he might make many rich (2 Cor 8:9; cf. also Eph 1:23; 4:10).” (Page 117)
“The best explanation seems to be that Paul, by such condescension, was able most effectively to teach the Philippians a lesson they needed to learn—‘that relationships in the bosom of the church between collaborators were not those of authority, superiority or inferiority but of humble equality’ (Collange, 36; cf. Phil 2:6–11).” (Page 5)
Gerald F. Hawthorne (1925–2010) served as a professor of Greek for 42 years at Wheaton College in Wheaton, Illinois, as well as chairperson of the Institute for Biblical Research, which he founded. He coedited The Dictionary of Paul and His Letters.