The Lexham Syntactic Greek New Testament
The Lexham Syntactic Greek New Testament contains the first complete syntactic analysis of the Greek New Testament, annotating the semantic force of every word in its given context. The idea for this ground-breaking project originated from Dr. Albert Lukaszewski, who set this project in motion. Six years later, and with the combined help of Drs. Mark Dubis and J. Ted Blakley, the project was brought to completion.
The Lexham Syntactic Greek New Testament allows students, pastors, and teachers familiar with the Greek grammars by Wallace, Robertson, BDF, and others to not only find an analysis of a given NT word, but also to comprehensively search for comparable instances using the search interface. Each sentence in the text is analyzed and hierarchically arranged into clauses and phrases. Each word is analyzed for its syntactic force to determine the role it plays in its current context. Words that are related to each other (e.g., adjectives describing specific nouns) are also noted. Also included is a full morphology along with lexical analysis.
The editors provided annotation for the project as follows:
Albert Lukaszewski, Ph.D., General Editor
Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 & 2 Thessalonians, Hebrews, James, 1 & 2 Peter, 1–3 John, Jude, Revelation
Mark Dubis, Ph.D., Contributing Editor
Matthew, John, 1 & 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon
J. Ted Blakley, Ph.D., Contributing Editor
Mark, Luke, Acts
We are grateful to these scholars for their contributions and particularly to Dr. Albert Lukaszewski. For the first time ever, both students and scholars have access to a complete annotation of the Greek New Testament that uses traditional terminology in its descriptions.
The following resources are included: The Lexham Syntactic Greek New Testament, The Lexham Syntactic Greek New Testament: Sentence Analysis, The Lexham Syntactic Greek New Testament: Expansions and Annotations, The Lexham Syntactic Greek New Testament: Glossary.
The Lexham Syntactic Greek New Testament
This portion is referred to as the “running text” and uses the text of the Nestle-Aland 27th Greek New Testament. It is displayed in clausal hierarchy form, easily illustrating the depth of analysis provided in the text.
The running text is also tagged as an interlinear and includes the NA27 text, as well as the Greek Lemma, Morphology, and Literal Translation for each word.
The Lexham SGNT: Expansions and Annotations
This resource is designed to convey relationships between words in a textual manner by providing text detailing each word’s positioning in the current clause, explaining its syntactic force, and listing the relationships the word has with other words in the clause.
The ability to move beyond the clausal outline and begin to identify how words interact with each other is significant. Linguistic relationships are often hard to define and therefore make analysis very difficult. The Expansions and Annotations section of the Lexham SGNT provides these details that help you move through this difficult task.
The Lexham SGNT: Sentence Analysis
Combining the morphological and syntactical data of the “running text” and Expansions and Annotations, the Lexham SGNT Sentence Analysis completes this resource by providing users with a visualization of the clause and sentence. Using syntax and word relationships to chart the structure of a clause, the Sentence Analysis tool is a great way to picture the interrelations of the pieces of a text.
The Lexham SGNT: Glossary
This glossary greatly benefits the Lexham SGNT user by providing clear definitions for terms used in syntactic and morphological analysis. This resource incorporates with the rest of the Lexham SGNT by providing quick reference information on the various parts of speech and clausal terminology that this resource uses to analyze the Greek text.
Using the Lexham Syntactic Greek New Testament
As mentioned above, the Lexham SGNT serves as a reverse interlinear text in your Logos Bible Software library. This means that it contains morphological data, syntactical tagging, and clausal analysis that will provide you with excellent visualizations for studying the Greek text, as well as syntactical and morphological searching capabilities based on the information coded into the work.
Also, it serves as a tool for studying word relationships and specific parts of speech as you read through the New Testament. By combining the resources mentioned above (the “running text”, Expansions and Annotations, and Sentence Analysis) the Lexham SGNT becomes a complete resource for studying sentence structure. You can set up mouse-over options in this resource to display parts of speech information about each word in the text, allowing you to study the word relationships and sentence structure of the text based on their annotations. Basically, this means that even if you don’t know Greek, you can understand how a Greek sentence fits together and how words interrelate, all through using this resource.
This resource integrates into the new Exegetical Guide report and throughout Logos 4.
The following links provide more in depth information about the syntax tools included in this resource and in Logos 4:
- Why Syntax Matters...to You! - Web article
- Differences in Syntax Searches and Morphology Searches - Logos blog post
- http://blog.logos.com - Daily updates on the newest tools for Logos Bible Software
- Syntactic Force Annotations using the Lexham Greek New Testament
- Syntax Crash Course PDF