Vocabulary Lists and Flashcards
For owners of the Original Languages Library or any of the Scholar’s Libraries (versions (OC) or (ND)) we have introduced some new features to help students of the biblical languages learn new words more efficiently. It is now possible to create lists of vocabulary words with glosses in a number of ways, and then print those lists on flashcards for portable study.
Note: If you don’t have the Original Languages Library or one of the Scholar’s Libraries, take a look at your upgrade options!
1. Creating a Vocabulary List manually
To start a new vocabulary list, click File | New and choose Vocabulary List from the 'Types:' menu box. Give a name to your new vocabulary list and click OK.
A new dialog box will pop up asking you to select the language that you are creating a vocabulary list for. Select your language from the drop-down list and click OK. This will take you to a blank Vocabulary List document.
Vocabulary Lists are divided into sections, so before you can start adding any words, you have to create your first section. When creating vocabulary lists that follow a textbook, we like to create one section per chapter, as this makes it easy to print the cards for a single chapter, but you can organize your lists in other ways as well. To create a section, click Add | Add Section. A dialog will pop up asking for the title of the section. Provide a title and click OK.
To add words to your section, click Add | Add Entry. A dialog box opens up with four text boxes. The most important ones are 'Display Form' and 'Glosses', as the Display Form is what will appear on the front of the flashcard and the Glosses will appear on the back. You can use the F2 key to toggle between the Hebrew, Greek, and English/default keyboard maps in Libronix, or you can use any Unicode compatible keyboard supported by your operating system to enter words into the Word and Display Form text boxes. Note the example below for how the 'Word' text box differs from the 'Display Form'. In Greek, it is customary to show the genitive form and the article of a noun on flashcards, as those extra pieces of information tell the Greek student everything he needs to know in order to make the rest of the forms of the noun. The full entry, with all these pieces of information, is put on the Display Form, while the simple lexical, or dictionary, form of the word is put in the Word text box. The Frequency text box is optional – this lets you record how common a word is, if that’s something you like to keep track of. Once you’ve filled in the Entry, click OK.
To add a new section, you have to highlight a section, not an individual word, and then repeat the above steps. By default the next section will be subordinate to the first section, but you can click and drag a section to move it out of its subordinate position to make new top-level sections.
The button with the pencil icon next to the ‘Add’ button re-opens the edit dialogs allowing you to change Section titles or Entry properties.
2. Creating a Vocabulary List by entering a passage.
It is possible to add all the words from a verse or a range of verses to your vocabulary list. This has some interesting potential for preparing to read, translate, or exegete a text. This feature gives you the ability to quickly brush up on the vocabulary you are going to encounter in a passage before you begin reading.
Follow the same steps in #1 above to create a new vocabulary list. Then click Add | Add Bible Passage. A dialog box will pop up with a drop-down menu to choose what Bible you want to get your vocabulary words from and a text box to type in the Bible reference that you are extracting words from. Make your selections and click OK.
A list of words will be added to your vocabulary list that represents each unique word in your passage, in alphabetical order. If the Bible you selected has lexical form tags (lemmas), the list of words will be based on the unique lexical forms.
3. Creating a Vocabulary List by Adding a Word List
If you have created Word Lists, it is possible to import them into Vocabulary Lists using the Add | Add Word List menu options. When you add the words from a Word List, you will need to supply your own glosses. You can use the Add Glosses button to attempt to auto-fill glosses for Word List-based sections.
4. Printing Flashcards
When you are ready to print your flashcards, click the Print Cards button. A dialog appears that gives you the option to print all the cards on the list, print only those cards you have selected before clicking 'Print Cards', or to choose a single section of the list to print. There are radio buttons for common paper sizes. Click Print Front to print the Display Forms, then put the paper back in the printer so that your printer is ready to print on the opposite side, and click Print Back to print the glosses.
5. Downloading Vocabulary Lists for popular grammars
For your convenience, we’ve already created vocabulary lists for all the first-year Greek, Hebrew and Aramaic grammars that we sell digital editions of, as well as a number of popular grammars that we do not sell.
Instructions: To download these pre-made Vocabulary Lists, right click on the following links and choose Save As or Save Target As... Save them to My Documents\Libronix DLS\VocabularyLists. If you don't have this folder, create it. The Vocabulary List(s) will then be available in Libronix by selecting File | Open | Vocabulary List.
- Learn to Read New Testament Greek - click here for the book.
- Essentials of New Testament Greek - click here for the book.
- Kairos - A Beginning Greek Grammar (Long) - click here for the book.
- Learning the Basics of New Testament Greek - click here for the book.
- The Elements of New Testament Greek - click here for the book.
- Vine's You Can Learn New Testament Greek - click here for the book.
- The Original Word Teaching Series - Introduction to New Testament Greek - click here for the CD-ROM.
- New Testament Greek for Beginners (Machen)
- Basics of Biblical Greek (Mounce)
- Athenaze, Book I (Balme-Lawall)
- Athenaze, Book II (Balme-Lawall)
- Hellenika - click here for the book.
- Reading Greek - Grammar, Vocabulary and Exercises (JACT)
- Introduction to the Study of New Testament Greek (Swetnam) - click here for the book.
- Basics of Biblical Hebrew (Pratico-Van Pelt)
- Introducing Biblical Hebrew (Allen P. Ross)
- Beginning Biblical Hebrew (Futato) - click here for the book.
- The First Hebrew Primer - click here for the book.
- A Grammar for Biblical Hebrew (Seow)
- A Practical Grammar for Classical Hebrew (Weingreen)
- Biblical Hebrew - An Introductory Grammar (Kelley)
- Introduction to Biblical Hebrew (Lambdin)
- Biblical Hebrew for Beginners (Cohn-Sherbok) - click here for the book.
- Introduction to Aramaic (Greenspahn) - click here for the book.
- A Short Grammar of Biblical Aramaic (Johns)