Revised and expanded, this best-selling study tool features hundreds of color photos and maps, a pronunciation guide, information from archaeological excavations, timelines, extensive cross-referencing, unique scale drawings, major articles on theological topics, a variety of Bible translations, and, of course, exhaustive definitions of people, places, things and events. This dictionary was designed to serve a broad audience, from laypeople, students, ministers, as well as professors and scholars.
On the surface, homosexual behavior should be recognized as sinful because it violates God’s original plan for heterosexual monogamy.17 people highlighted this
BIBLE, METHODS OF STUDY Most people who read the Bible do so without a clearly defined goal. It is better to study the Bible with a more defined purpose in mind, for its subject matter and its intended meaning.
Study for Subject Matter One way to study the Bible is with specific questions in mind—for example, questions about doctrine, history, or moral and spiritual guidance.
Theological Doctrines and Teachings The Bible is above all a book that talks about God and His relationship to the world. What is God like? What is His relationship to His creation? What is His intended purpose for creation?
For Christians the Bible is the ultimate source for knowledge of theology (the person and nature of God), anthropology (the makeup of human beings), soteriology (the doctrine of salvation), Christology (the doctrine of the person of Christ), ecclesiology (the doctrine of the church), and eschatology (the doctrine of the last things). As the only infallible source for doctrine, Christians scrutinize the Bible. However, great harm has been done by using the Bible as ·a source of “proof-texts” to support theological doctrines. The Bible should be studied not to support our belief system but to determine it. True respect for the Bible involves subjecting what we believe to its teaching. For example, we should not study NT passages dealing with Christian baptism to support our particular understanding of baptism but rather to see if our understanding is in harmony with the teaching of these ...15 people highlighted this
God’s kingdom may be understood in terms of “reign” or “realm.” Reign conveys the fact that God exerts His divine authority over His subjects/kingdom. Realm suggests location, and God’s realm is universal. God’s reign extends over all things. He is universally sovereign over the nations, humankind, the angels, the dominion of darkness and its inhabitants, and even the cosmos, individual believers, and the church.12 people highlighted this
Joy is the fruit of a right relation with God. It is not something people can create by their own efforts.8 people highlighted this
LAW, TEN COMMANDMENTS, TORAH Few expressions in the Bible are simultaneously more significant and more misunderstood than “law.” Biblical interpreters apply the word to specific commandments, customs, legal judgments, collections of regulations/ordinances, the book of Deuteronomy (which means “second law”), the entire complex of regulations revealed at Sinai, the Pentateuch (in contrast to the Prophets), and the OT as a whole as opposed to the NT. The NT recognizes other laws as well, including natural laws (Rom. 1:26; 2:14) and “the law of sin” that results in inevitable death (Rom. 7:23, 25; 8:2).
The conviction of a contrast between the OT, in which God’s people were under the law, as opposed to the NT, where God’s people are under grace, is determinative for many peoples’ understanding of Scripture. Appeal is sometimes made to John 1:17, “For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ” (HCSB). For this perception of a radical disjunction between the testaments two factors have been determinative. First, the Septuagint is virtually consistent in translating torah as nomos, “law” (202/220 occurrences). Second, Paul makes some strong assertions that whereas the law keeps us in custody and the letter [of the law] kills, through faith in Christ we are delivered from the law and made alive by the Spirit (2 Cor. 3:6–7; Gal. 3:19–29; cp. Rom. 4:14). Accordingly many see a radical contrast between the old covenant, under which people were governed by ...7 people highlighted this