Faithlife Study Bible (FSB) is your guide to the ancient world of the Old and New Testaments, with study notes and articles that draw from a wide range of academic research and help you learn how to think about a text and work toward a deeper understanding.
the Israelites’ disobedience in the desert. The Israelites demanded bread, doubted the Lord’s presence, and despaired of His help (compare Num 11). Jesus reverses all of these acts of faithlessness.
4:1 was led up into the wilderness God led His people through the desert for 40 years due to their unfaithfulness (see note on Luke 4:1). The Spirit leads Jesus into the wilderness for 40 days so that His fidelity might be set in contrast to the nation’s infidelity.
Temptation of Jesus AYBD
The Temptations of Christ
by the Spirit Matthew emphasizes that the S100 people highlighted this
books, however, Daniel is a work of apocalyptic literature (like the New Testament book of Revelation). While apocalypses resemble prophecy, these genres have significant differences; for this reason both Daniel and Revelation are discussed in the article “Apocalyptic Literature.” This article focuses on Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel.
Historical and Social Contexts
The books of Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel span Israel’s all-important historical hinge: the exiles of Judah to Babylon (597 and 586 bc) and the people’s subsequent returns to their homeland (beginning in 538 bc). Each book sounds God’s warning of impending judgment while foreseeing the hope of restoration. The decimation of Israel’s temple, the deposing of their king and loss of nationhood, and their deportation to a foreign land would spell the end of most peoples and their religion, but the messages of Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel made clear that Yahweh’s purposes will prevail, and that through these events He will demonstrate His justice and mercy.
The scope of Isaiah is enormous, both in length and time period. The subject matter of the book spans the pre-exilic (Isa 1–39), exilic (Isa 40–55), and postexilic (Isa 56–66) periods. Isaiah’s ministry takes place in late eighth-century Jerusalem before the exile, and begins by focusing on King David and Mount Zion, the sacred mountain of God’s temple.
In the chapter closing this first section, Isaiah warns King Hezekiah that “all that is in your house … shall ...92 people highlighted this
The Heb49 people highlighted this
enesis opens with the Hebrew phrase bere’shith, typica38 people highlighted this
. He dates the construction of the Gerizim temple to the ti38 people highlighted this