Engage some of the hottest issues in contemporary society with this exhaustive treatment of 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus. Defending traditional interpretations on multiple issues, Robert Mounce provides an intense examination of the text and presents multiple excursuses on topics such as qualifications for leadership and authorship.
8 Βούλομαι οὖν προσεύχεσθαι τοὺς ἄνδρας ἐν παντὶ τόπῳ ἐπαίροντας ὁσίους χεῖρας χωρὶς ὀργῆς καὶ διαλογισμοῦ, “Therefore, I desire [that] the men should pray in every place by lifting up holy hands, without anger and arguing.” In vv 8–10 Paul addresses the problem of disruption during the church service, beginning with the men. Paul’s desire is that they cease from their anger (cf. Str-B 3:645), an anger manifested even during times of prayer. It is generally agreed that this verse is not a demand that only men pray (in 1 Cor 11:5 women are allowed to pray; contra R. D. Culver, “Traditional View,” 35), nor is it an injunction that they must pray with their hands lifted up. Rather its emphasis is upon the necessity that they not be angry during their times of prayer. While διαλογισμός, “arguing,” does not occur elsewhere in the PE, it is reminiscent of other descriptions of the Ephesian heresy, such as “myths … produce speculations” (1 Tim 1:4) or “speculations and empty words” (1 Tim 6:4). If Paul is thinking about anger caused by debates over the opponents’ teaching (so L. T. Johnson, 134–35; Towner, 70), then this becomes an indication at the beginning of the paragraph that Paul is thinking specifically of problems in Ephesus (see discussion of the scope of the teaching in Comment on v 9).
This idea of the absence of anger can be understood two ways. (1) It could mean that during times of prayer the men should set aside their anger and pray as brothers. ...20 people highlighted this
Comment17 people highlighted this
This by itself calls into question the frequent stereotype of Timothy as a young, timid believer in constant need of encouragement.8 people highlighted this
The nearly universal witness of 1800 years of church interpretation is that the self-witness of the PE is credible and true.6 people highlighted this
There are five specific historical events that help to date the events in Acts: (1) the edict of Claudius that expelled the Jews from Rome (Acts 18:2) in a.d. 49–50; (2) Gallio’s term as proconsul in Corinth (Acts 18:12–17) in midsummer a.d. 52 or 53 according to an inscription at Delphi; (3) Felix’s replacement by Festus as governor in Caesarea in the second half of the 50s; (4) the Feast of Unleavened Bread in a.d. 56–58 (Acts 20:6) when Paul was in Philippi, leaving for Troas and hoping to arrive in Jerusalem by Pentecost (Acts 20:16); and (5) Nero’s death in a.d. 68, providing a terminus ad quem since according to one tradition Paul was executed under Nero.6 people highlighted this