James Strong (1822–1894) was an American Methodist biblical scholar and educator, and creator of Strong’s Concordance. Strong was born in New York City and graduated as valedictorian from Wesleyan University.
In 1856, Wesleyan University granted him the degree of Doctor of Divinity, and from 1858 until 1861, he served as both professor of Biblical Literature and acting president of Troy University. In 1868 he became professor of Exegetical Theology at Drew Theological Seminary, where he remained for twenty-seven yearss. In 1881 Wesleyan honored Strong again, this time with the degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.).
Strong’s famous Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible first appeared in 1890, of which new editions are still in print today, including New Strong's Dictionary of Hebrew and Greek Words and New Strong's Guide to Bible Words. The numbering system he devised made original language study widely available to English-only Bible readers. Strong also edited the volumes on Daniel and Esther in Lange’s Commentary, and served on the American Bible Revision Committee.