The Classic Studies on the First Vatican Council collection offers a variety of perspectives on this monumental event by contemporary observers, including Henry Edward Manning, the archbishop of Westminster at the time; Swiss-American theologian Philip Schaff; and Italian statesman … more
Philip Schaff (1819–1893) was one of the most distinguished church historians who ever lived. He was educated at Tübingen, Halle, and Berlin, and was professor of church history and biblical literature at German Reformed Theological Seminary. When the Civil War forced the seminary to close, Schaff moved to Union Theological Seminary. Schaff had an enormous influence on German Reformed churches in America, and he wrote History of the Christian Church, Creeds of Christendom, and The Principal of Protestantism.