The prophet Jeremiah warned Judah for forty years of God’s impending punishment for her flagrant disobedience of his commands. The many messages of judgment, though, were mixed with promises of the mercy Judah would receive if only she would repent. The weeping prophet lamented over the people’s obstinacy and the resulting calamities, yet always reminded them of the hope they would find in God’s compassion—and the restoration that would come in their repentance.
This commentary began as 193 hour-long classroom lectures, given near the end of Calvin’s life at the rate of three per week extemporarily in Latin to a mixed bag of senior schoolboys, pastors, and ministerial students from all over Europe. Speaking as if personally acquainted with the prophet, John Calvin explains Jeremiah’s emphasis on God’s mercy and kindness toward his chosen but erring people. Just as Jeremiah looked forward to the future messianic kingdom, Calvin’s enthusiasm never wanes as he applies the prophet’s teaching to both the church and individual Christians.