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Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography

ISBN: 9781575062150


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In this comprehensive study, Wayne Horowitz examines all of the extant Mesopotamian texts relating to the ideas of the physical universe and its constituent parts—heaven, earth, the subterranean waters, and the underworld. He shows that the Mesopotamian view of the universe, although somewhat discordant, remained fairly constant over more than 2,500 years.

Horowitz surveys the various sources for Mesopotamian cosmic geography, including mythological and literary texts, as well as the famous “Babylonian Map of the World” and various astrological and astronomical texts. According to this ancient worldview, the universe was built by the gods in earliest times and was held together by cosmic bonds. But beyond this general notion, Horowitz discovers a significant variety of cosmological views in texts of different genres and from different periods. In addition, the available evidence leaves a number of problems unsolved. What are the bounds of the universe? What is beyond the limits of the universe? Horowitz explores some of the speculations made by these ancient people.

In the second section of the book, Horowitz discusses each of the various regions and their names in various locales and time periods, drawing on the disparate sources to show where there is coherence and where there is difference of perspective. In addition, he discusses all of the names for the different parts of the universe and examines the geographies of each region.

In the Logos edition, this volume is enhanced by amazing functionality. Important terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, and a wealth of other resources in your digital library. Perform powerful searches to find exactly what you’re looking for. Take the discussion with you using tablet and mobile apps. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.

Discover more of the implications of ancient cosmology for biblical studies in Genesis 1 as Ancient Cosmology.

Resource Experts
  • Examines Mesopotamian texts concerning the physical universe and cosmology
  • Underscores points of agreement and disagreement among ancient Mesopotamian people
  • Explains how religious views of gods and goddesses impacted ancient understandings of cosmic geography
  • Part I: Sources for Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography
    • The Levels of the Universe: KAR 307 30–38 and AO 8196 iv 20–22
    • “The Babylonian Map of the World“
    • The Flights of Etana and the Eagle into the Heavens
    • The Sargon Geography
    • Gilgamesh and the Distant Reaches of Earth’s Surface
    • Cosmic Geography in Accounts of Creation
    • The Geography of the Sky: The “Astrolabes,” Mul-Apin, and Related Texts
    • BagM. Beih. 2 no. 98 and the Compass Points
    • “Seven Heavens and Seven Earths”
  • Part II: The Regions of the Universe
    • Names for Heaven
    • The Geography of the Heavens
    • Names for Earth
    • The Geography of Earth

Wayne Horowitz is associate professor of Assyriology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. An archeologist and expert in Mesopotamian literature, he is the author of The Astrolabes and Related Texts: Mesopotamian Astronomy before 1000 BC and Cuneiform in Canaan: Cuneiform Sources from the Land of Israel in Ancient Times.


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  1. KJ Niblett

    KJ Niblett


    After recently completing a postgraduate unit that spent some time engaging with John Walton's interpretation of Genesis 1 this resource looks brilliant as a primary source book.

  2. Steve



    I'm sure Jesus considers this a most valuable resource. With Trump potentially our president, the world leading the way in solving world hunger (to no glory for our Lord Jesus) and China a nuclear power, this is a most valuable resource. Oh, Logos/FaithLife, how irrelevant can you be? Bob Pritchett, when creating new content for your user community, would you please create content that looks forwards, not backwards? Make content that helps us apply the Word of God with ease, not difficulty. With content like this, is it any wonder the American church is shrinking and becoming more worldly? Does knowing this make evangelism easier and better? Mr. Pritchett, you've created a position of responsibility in the Body of Christ for yourself. Please consider how you use it.

  3. Nicholas Petersen
    Wow, TERRIFIC that Logos is doing this! This is a great resource. Not that I agree with all of Horowitz's stances, but this is still a foundational work when working in this area. My hard copy has copious notes throughout, it'll be nice to have an electronic edition.


Digital list price: $38.99
Save $8.00 (20%)