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Lexham Bible Dictionary

  • Format:Digital

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The Most Advanced Bible Dictionary

Get the most advanced Bible dictionary in existence. The Lexham Bible Dictionary spans more than 7,000 articles and 4.5 million words, with contributions from over 700 top scholars from around the world. Designed as a digital resource, finding the right information is made easy. The LBD is engaged with the best and most recent scholarship and committed to the authority of the Bible. We believe that a resource uniting scholarship and faith makes God’s Word more approachable and more understandable—all for the sake of Christ’s gospel reaching more people.

The Lexham Bible Dictionary is an academic resource—but we made it accessible for everyone. In print, it would take up thousands of pages in multiple large volumes, but you can easily carry this digital format anywhere on a tablet or other mobile device. Many of our readers even use it for quick reference during Sunday-morning services. Because we wanted this dictionary to supplement the biblical text, we placed the most relevant information at the top of each article. This makes it a great tool for Bible studies, Sunday school classes, small groups, and of course your own personal study.

Articles are divided into specific subjects, making the entire dictionary more useable. You get the information you need, when you need it. Hand-curated links between articles aid your research, helping you naturally move through related topics. The Lexham Bible Dictionary will answer your questions as they arise and expand your knowledge of the Bible.

Key Features

  • More than 7,000 articles
  • Over 4.5 million words
  • Contributions from over 700 premier Bible scholars from around the world
  • Academic content made accessible for everyone
  • Complete integration into Logos Bible Software for easy and thorough research

Praise for Lexham Bible Dictionary

The Lexham Bible Dictionary is an amazing accomplishment! Inclusive in depth and breadth, balanced in judgment, eclectic in method and orientation, bibliographically rich ... and solid, solid content. This will be a useful and go-to dictionary for a generation.

—Scot McKnight, Julius R. Mantey Professor of New Testament, Northern Seminary

The Lexham Bible Dictionary is an innovative and comprehensive guide to the Bible and related topics in biblical studies written by some of the field’s foremost scholars. Its consistent format, excellent content, links to related articles, and extensive bibliography make it an essential resource for students, pastors, and anyone wishing a thorough and reliable introduction to biblical studies.

—Karen H. Jobes, Gerald F. Hawthorne Professor of New Testament Greek and Exegesis, Wheaton College and Graduate School

Some of Our Contributors

  • Emanuel Tov, PhD, J. L. Magnes Professor of Bible Emeritus, Hebrew University, and Editor in Chief of the Dead Sea Scrolls Publication Project
  • Mark Goodacre, PhD, Associate Professor, Duke University, Editor of NTGateway.com, and Editor of Library of New Testament Studies
  • Leonard Greenspoon, PhD, Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Studies and of Theology, Klutznick Chair in Jewish Civilization, Creighton University, and Editor of The FORUM (Society of Biblical Literature)
  • Daniel B. Wallace, PhD, Professor of New Testament Studies, Dallas Theological Seminary, and Executive Director, Center for Study of New Testament Manuscripts
  • David C. Parker, ThD, Edward Cadbury Professor of Theology, University of Birmingham, and Director of the Centre for the Editing of Texts in Religion
  • Walter C. Kaiser Jr, PhD, President Emeritus and Distinguished Professor of Old Testament and Ethics, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
  • Michael S. Heiser, PhD, Academic Editor, Logos Bible Software, and Academic Editor of Bible Study Magazine
  • Gary Yates, PhD, Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary and Graduate School
  • Nijay Gupta, PhD, Instructor of Biblical Studies, Seattle Pacific University
  • Patrick Hartin, Two Doctorates, Ordained Priest, Professor of Religious Studies, Gonzaga University
  • David T. Lamb, DPhil, Associate Professor of Old Testament, Biblical Seminary
  • David M. May, PhD, Professor of New Testament, Central Baptist Theological Seminary
  • Steven Runge, DLitt, Scholar-in-Residence, Logos Bible Software
  • Scott Hahn, PhD, Professor of Theology and Scripture, Franciscan University of Steubenville, Founder and Director of the Saint Paul Center for Biblical Theology, Pope Benedict XVI Chair of Biblical Theology and Liturgical Proclamation at St. Vincent Seminary
  • Andreas J. Köstenberger, PhD, Director of PhD Studies and Professor of New Testament, Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary, and Editor of the Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society
  • Urban von Wahlde, PhD, Professor, Loyola University in Chicago, and previous editor of Catholic Biblical Quarterly
  • Chris Seeman, PhD, Research Associate in Religious Studies, University of Missouri
  • Patricia K. Tull, PhD, A. B. Rhodes Professor Emerita of Old Testament, Louisville Presbyterian Seminary
  • Paul S. Evans, PhD, Assistant Professor of Old Testament, McMaster Divinity College
  • Abner Chou, ThD, Assistant Professor of Biblical Studies, The Master’s College
  • Stephen Miller, PhD, Chairman and Professor of the Department of Old Testament and Hebrew, Dean of the Doctor of Philosophy Program, Mid-America Baptist Theological Seminary
  • Matthew Elliot, PhD, President of Oasis International
  • Alan J. Hauser, PhD, Professor of Religious Studies and Biblical Studies, Appalachian State University
  • Tomas Bokedal, ThD, Lecturer, Unversity of Aberdeen
  • Richard Hess, PhD, Earl S. Kalland Professor of Old Testament and Semitic Languages, Denver Seminary
  • James P. Sweeney, PhD, Professor of New Testament, Winebrenner Theological Seminary
  • Douglas Stuart, PhD, Professor of Old Testament; Chair of Biblical Studies, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
  • Elaine A. Phillips, PhD, Professor of Biblical Studies, Gordon College
  • J. Lanier Burns, PhD, Research Professor of Theological Studies, Senior Professor of Systematic Theology, Dallas Theological Seminary
  • Boyd Seevers, PhD, Professor of Old Testament Studies, University of Northwestern
  • Anthony Le Donne, PhD, Assistant Professor of New Testament, United Theological Seminary
  • Titus Kennedy, PhD, Adjunct Professor, Biola University
  • Michael Bird, PhD, Lecturer in Theology, Ridley Melbourne College of Mission and Ministry
  • Renate Hood, PhD, Professor, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor
  • Alison Schofield, PhD, Associate Professor of Religious Studies and Judaic Studies, Denver University
  • Leslie C. Allen, PhD, Senior Professor of Old Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary
  • Linda Belleville, PhD, Adjunct Professor of New Testament, Grand Rapids Theological Seminary
  • Trent C. Butler, PhD, former Professor of Old Testament and Hebrew at the Baptist Theological Seminary of Ruschlikon, Switzerland, and former Editorial Director for Holman Bible Publishers
  • Paul Copan, PhD, Professor and Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics, Palm Beach Atlantic University
  • Winfried Corduan, PhD, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and Religion, Taylor University
  • Katherine Dell, PhD, Reader in Old Testament Literature and Theology, Fellow and Director of Studies in Theology and Religious Studies, St Catharine’s College
  • Seth M. Ehorn, PhD, Visiting Assistant Professor of Greek Language and New Testament, Wheaton College
  • John Goldingay, PhD, David Allan Hubbard Professor of Old Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary
  • Joshua Harris, Senior Pastor of Covenant Life Church, Gaithersburg, Maryland
  • Craig S. Keener, PhD, F.M. and Ada Thompson Professor of Biblical Studies, Asbury Theological Seminary
  • John R. Kohlenberger III, ThB, former Lecturer, Consultant, and Adjunct Instructor in Bible and Biblical Language, Multnomah Bible College and Western Seminary
  • Boyd Luter, PhD, Adjunct Online Professor of New Testament, Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary
  • Pamela J. Scalise, PhD, Professor of Old Testament, Fuller Northwest
  • P. Chase Sears, PhD candidate at Southern Seminary, Family Pastor at Oak Park Baptist Church
  • Mark L. Strauss, PhD, Professor, Doctor of Ministry, Bethel Seminary
  • Cynthia Long Westfall, PhD, Assistant Professor of New Testament, McMaster Divinity School
  • And many, many more. . .

Product Details

  • Title: Lexham Bible Dictionary
  • Editor: John D. Barry
  • Associate Editors: David Bomar, Derek R. Brown, Rachel Klippenstein, Douglas Mangum, Carrie Sinclair-Wolcott, and Lazarus Wentz
  • Contributing Editors: Elliot Ritzema, and Wendy Widder
  • Assistant Editors: Rebecca Brant, Claire Brubaker, Lynnea Fraser, Scott Hausman, Rebekah Hurst, Jake Mailhot, Justin Marr, Britt Rogers, Abby Salinger, Abigail Stocker, Jessi Strong, Rebecca Van Noord, Elizabeth Vince, and Joel Wilcox
  • Major Contributors: T. Michael W. Halcomb and Micah Wierenga
  • Publisher: Lexham Press
  • Publication Date: 2016

About the Editor

John D. Barry is the CEO and Founder of Jesus' Economy, a non-profit dedicated to creating jobs and churches in the developing world. He also serves as a missionary with Resurrect Church Movement, the domestic division of Jesus' Economy dedicated to equipping U.S. churches to alleviate poverty and plant churches. John is the general editor of Faithlife Study Bible and Lexham Bible Dictionary. He has authored or edited over 30 books, including The Resurrected Servant in Isaiah, Cutting Ties with Darkness, and the daily devotional Connect the Testaments. John formerly served as founding publisher of Lexham Press and is the former editor-in-chief of Bible Study Magazine. John speaks internationally on engaging the Bible, poverty, and spreading the gospel.

About the Associate Editors

David Bomar is the editor-in-chief of Bible Study Magazine. He holds a BA in English and a BA in American Studies, and worked as a professional journalist for 15 years. He is also an MA Candidate in Biblical Studies.

Derek R. Brown is an academic editor for Lexham Press. He holds a MA in New Testament Studies from Regent College and a PhD in New Testament Studies and Christian Origins from the University of Edinburgh.

Rachel Klippenstein is a contributing editor for Lexham Press. She holds MAs in Linguistics from The Ohio State University and the University of Calgary. She is a PhD Candidate at The Ohio State University.

Douglas Mangum is an academic editor for Lexham Press. He holds a PhD in Hebrew from the University of Free State and holds a Master of Arts in Hebrew and Semitic Studies from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is an associate editor of the Lexham Bible Dictionary, editor of the Lexham Methods Series, and a regular Bible Study Magazine contributor.

Carrie Sinclair-Wolcott is a contributing editor for Logos Bible Software and Lexham Press. She has worked extensively on Lexham Bible Dictionary. She holds a Master of Arts in theological studies from Regent College.

Lazarus Wentz is the associate editor of the Lexham Bible Dictionary and a contributor to the Faithlife Study Bible.

About the Contributing Editors

Elliot Ritzema is the editor of 1,500 Quotations for Preachers, 300 Quotations for Preachers, 400 Prayers for Preachers, and the Study, Apply, Share series. He is also a Lexham English Bible editor, a contributor to the Faithlife Study Bible, and a regular contributor to Bible Study Magazine. He holds an MDiv from Regent College.

Wendy Widder holds a PhD in Near Eastern studies from the University of the Free State, an MA in Hebrew and Semitic Studies from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, and an MDiv from Grand Rapids Theological Seminary. She is the author of Living Whole without a Better Half, A Match Made in Heaven: How Singles and the Church Can Live Happily After, and the coauthor of The Forest and the Trees: Helping Teachers Integrate a Biblical Worldview Across the Curriculum.

About the Major Contributors

T. Michael W. Halcomb is a PhD candidate at Asbury Theological Seminary. He is the author of People of the Book: Inviting Communities into Biblical Interpretation, Entering the Fray: A Primer on New Testament Issues for the Church & Academy, and A Handbook of Ancient Greek Grammatical Terms: Greek-English and English-Greek.

Micah Wierenga is a freelance editor who has studied at Denver Seminary and formerly served as the Director of Bible Editorial at Biblica.

Reviews

76 ratings

4.74.74.74.74.7

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  1. Erica Burrell

    Erica Burrell

    about 1 month ago

    55555
  2. Jake Davidson

    Jake Davidson

    2 months ago

    Great resource
    Reply

  3. Claybon Collins Jr

    Claybon Collins Jr

    3 months ago

    55555
  4. Jason Brophy

    Jason Brophy

    3 months ago

    55555
    I watched the video, and I'm really impressed with what this Bible dictionary can do. I've used it a little myself, in conjunction with the faithlife study Bible, and I find it really helpful.
    Reply

  5. Marco Ceccarelli

    Marco Ceccarelli

    5 months ago

    44444
    I find it very well done, up-to-date, exhaustive. Unfortunately ... it doesn't have page's numbers
    Reply

  6. José Dos Reis

    José Dos Reis

    6 months ago

    44444
    Será maravilhoso quando estiver todo traduzido para o português, parabenizo a equipe logos bible pela iniciativa.
    Reply

  7. Rica Cuff

    Rica Cuff

    7 months ago

    55555
  8. Alvis

    Alvis

    7 months ago

    55555
  9. Jeremiah Mead

    Jeremiah Mead

    10 months ago

    55555
  10. Mathew Haferkamp

    Mathew Haferkamp

    about 1 year ago

    55555
  11. Tim Kuhn

    Tim Kuhn

    over 1 year ago

    33333
    The more I use the resource, the more liberal teaching I see in it. It has a wealth of information, just realize at times you may not agree with it and have to glean things from it.
    Reply

  12. AUSTIN GBESEMETE

    AUSTIN GBESEMETE

    over 1 year ago

    55555
  13. Steven McKinley

    Steven McKinley

    over 1 year ago

    33333
    Lots of good information, but be careful of decidedly liberal leanings. For example, in describing the Pentecost in Christian tradition, the options range from Acts 2 being a "relatively accurate account" to a "literary creation" by Luke. Only one source is cited for the former (Bruce), while much support is given for the other positions. Disappointing to say the least.
    Reply

  14. Roy Meyer

    Roy Meyer

    over 1 year ago

    55555
  15. Dr. Jesse Buchholz

    Dr. Jesse Buchholz

    almost 2 years ago

    55555
  16. Jason Lovelace

    Jason Lovelace

    almost 2 years ago

    55555
  17. Jorge Alain Garcia

    Jorge Alain Garcia

    almost 2 years ago

    55555
  18. MORRAN AWOREBA

    MORRAN AWOREBA

    about 2 years ago

    ITS SO AMAGING, IAM SO MUCH INTERESTED IN STUDYING THE BIBLE.
    Reply

  19. Anastacio Marquez

    Anastacio Marquez

    about 2 years ago

    55555
    good
    Reply

  20. Frank Byers

    Frank Byers

    about 2 years ago

    55555
  21. Jose Daniel Rodriguez

    Jose Daniel Rodriguez

    about 2 years ago

    55555
  22. Tankiso Letseli

    Tankiso Letseli

    over 2 years ago

    55555
  23. Emmanuel Baptist

    Emmanuel Baptist

    over 2 years ago

    55555
  24. Hillman Lai

    Hillman Lai

    over 2 years ago

    55555
  25. Juan Marcelo Lassalle Olivera
  26. Edward Rangel

    Edward Rangel

    almost 3 years ago

    Where is the book? It is not in my library, yet.
    Reply

  27. Brent Hagey

    Brent Hagey

    almost 3 years ago

    55555
  28. Jonathan Hitz

    Jonathan Hitz

    about 3 years ago

    33333
  29. Sandra Wright

    Sandra Wright

    about 3 years ago

    I would love to rate the Dictionary, however I have NOT receivered the book to date.
    Reply

  30. Edward Wright

    Edward Wright

    about 3 years ago

    55555
    great tool
    Reply

  31. Noah Lewis

    Noah Lewis

    over 3 years ago

    55555
    it's a good translation
    Reply

  32. Nicholas A. B. Hall

    Nicholas A. B. Hall

    over 3 years ago

    55555
    I've found this an excellent resource for introducing topics - it is one of my go to books. Some of the articles are better on content than form (but I'd much rather have it that way round). One thing I would like to see is dates for the individual articles.
    Reply

  33. KLEBER MERETH DO AMARAL

    KLEBER MERETH DO AMARAL

    over 3 years ago

    55555
  34. Jónatas Rafael do Couto Lopes
  35. Alandres Thompson Jr

    Alandres Thompson Jr

    over 3 years ago

    55555
  36. Daren Kegley

    Daren Kegley

    over 3 years ago

    44444
  37. Big Hauss

    Big Hauss

    over 3 years ago

    55555
    5 stars
    Reply

  38. Fernando Gomes Da Silva

    Fernando Gomes Da Silva

    over 3 years ago

    The Lexham Bible Dictionary is excelent to undestand more the language originals biblical.
    Reply

  39. Uriah Jaden Scofield

    Uriah Jaden Scofield

    over 3 years ago

    44444
  40. Elvindowski

    Elvindowski

    over 3 years ago

    55555
  41. Linda Jenkins

    Linda Jenkins

    almost 4 years ago

    55555
  42. John M. Wise

    John M. Wise

    almost 4 years ago

    44444
  43. Pastor FRANK D BLUNTJR

    Pastor FRANK D BLUNTJR

    almost 4 years ago

    55555
  44. Lillian Bagby

    Lillian Bagby

    about 4 years ago

    I thank God for theses resources!
    Reply

  45. Valdis

    Valdis

    about 4 years ago

    55555
  46. Jared Rivera

    Jared Rivera

    about 4 years ago

    55555
  47. Dom

    Dom

    about 4 years ago

    55555
  48. Samuel Rafael Bustamante

    Samuel Rafael Bustamante

    about 4 years ago

    like
    Reply

  49. Brayden Brookshier

    Brayden Brookshier

    about 4 years ago

    55555
  50. Rawderson

    Rawderson

    about 4 years ago

    55555
  51. Matthew Lawrence

    Matthew Lawrence

    over 4 years ago

    55555
  52. Rev. Mark Q. Rowland

    Rev. Mark Q. Rowland

    over 4 years ago

    55555
  53. George Mclellan

    George Mclellan

    over 4 years ago

    44444
  54. James Clark Jr

    James Clark Jr

    over 4 years ago

    44444
  55. Gerson Vega Falcón

    Gerson Vega Falcón

    almost 5 years ago

    55555
    bery good tool!
    Reply

  56. Bernard Escoyne

    Bernard Escoyne

    about 5 years ago

    55555
  57. Goh Yong Li Samuel

    Goh Yong Li Samuel

    about 5 years ago

    how to cite this without page number?
    Reply

  58. Lofi Digital Monk

    Lofi Digital Monk

    about 5 years ago

    55555
  59. Ty Michael Baze

    Ty Michael Baze

    about 5 years ago

    55555
  60. Faithlife User

    Faithlife User

    about 5 years ago

    I have not been able to download the Lexham Bible dictionary, or any other special for months. Is this a hoax, or is there something I must do to download these "free" offers? Katherine
    Reply

  61. Cosme Vivas

    Cosme Vivas

    about 5 years ago

    55555
  62. Jessica

    Jessica

    over 5 years ago

    I was abe to "buy" the dictionary for free, but there is no way to download it...
    Reply

  63. Barbara J Paulson

    Barbara J Paulson

    over 5 years ago

    Can not download ... will not let me add it to my cart for free.
    Reply

  64. Joe Thompson

    Joe Thompson

    over 5 years ago

    Will not let me add it to my cart.
    Reply

  65. Christopher Dunton

    Christopher Dunton

    over 5 years ago

    I thought this was an offer at no charge - but the system won't let me add it to my cart! This makes it impossible to review!!
    Reply

  66. Cecile Beckford

    Cecile Beckford

    over 5 years ago

    55555
  67. Roberto Ribeiro

    Roberto Ribeiro

    over 5 years ago

    Excellent
    Reply

  68. S. Craig Hufford

    S. Craig Hufford

    over 5 years ago

    44444
  69. kijung Kim

    kijung Kim

    over 5 years ago

    good
    Reply

  70. Voshchyna Dmitriy

    Voshchyna Dmitriy

    over 5 years ago

    55555
  71. Williams Quintero

    Williams Quintero

    over 5 years ago

    55555
  72. MattGZat

    MattGZat

    over 5 years ago

    As the proverbial Archimedes exclaimed, 'Eureka', so I am lauding this part of my investment in Logos. Anchor Yale Dictionary, ISBE, have been my main 'check-it-out' resources. Then I discovered LBD was there gathering dust. The Lexham Bible Dictionary belongs in the category of 'Keep the old coat, buy the new book'- LBD that is!
    Reply

  73. cociorvan samuel

    cociorvan samuel

    almost 6 years ago

    55555
  74. Wallace Scaife

    Wallace Scaife

    almost 6 years ago

    55555
  75. Sung Jin Park

    Sung Jin Park

    almost 6 years ago

    33333
  76. Lucinda Velez

    Lucinda Velez

    about 6 years ago

    44444
  77. simon mao

    simon mao

    about 6 years ago

    55555
  78. Faithlife User

    Faithlife User

    about 6 years ago

    44444
  79. PASUMARTHI DEVA PRAVEEN

    PASUMARTHI DEVA PRAVEEN

    about 6 years ago

    55555
    Thank you for your gift
    Reply

  80. Pedro Ivo

    Pedro Ivo

    over 6 years ago

    55555
  81. Terri Young

    Terri Young

    over 6 years ago

    55555
  82. Steven Loudon

    Steven Loudon

    over 6 years ago

    55555
  83. Annette Cofer

    Annette Cofer

    over 6 years ago

    55555
  84. Marcos R Ferreira

    Marcos R Ferreira

    over 6 years ago

    44444
  85. Edgar Nazario

    Edgar Nazario

    over 6 years ago

    55555
  86. Mark Henzler

    Mark Henzler

    over 6 years ago

    44444
    Nice write-ups. What I really liked was having it on my tablet while I was touring in Turkey. Great to look up not only the Biblical sites, but ancillary topics like slavery (always good to understand the reality and not simply transfer modern North American concepts). Keep adding articles please! (eg. nothing on Artimisia). and tweak search capability (eg. There is info on Imperial cult in the article on Roman Religions, but if you search "Imperial cult" nothing shows up).Its a 5 star for as far as it goes, but these issues prevent that yet.
    Reply

  87. Robert Del Aguila

    Robert Del Aguila

    over 6 years ago

    44444
  88. David Taylor Jr

    David Taylor Jr

    over 6 years ago

    55555
    The LBD is a great resource for those going deeper into Bible Study. A good Bible Dictionary is essential for proper study of the Word. It can help you understand concepts and cultures as well as historical context. The LBD is conservative as far as I have seen and excellent scholarship as well as an excellent list of contributors. And best of all, you can't beat the price!
    Reply

  89. George Lawson

    George Lawson

    about 7 years ago

    55555
  90. John Goodman

    John Goodman

    about 7 years ago

    55555
    The quality of the articles I have used from the LBD are very good. In addition the links between the LBD and other resources are helpful. IMHO this is a great resource and especially good for students given the price and breadth of coverage. I have found it to be a good introduction to various topics - providing background, summary of scholarship and some appraisal of the scholarship. In addition there are handy bibliographies which are linked to other logos resources. I also have made extensive use of other reference resources such as the IVP reference bundle and various others - this one is as good in its quality. Obviously the IVP bundle has a wider scope. For the price it is quite a gift - especially if you qualify for a student discount and get it free!
    Reply

  91. Buddy Rangel

    Buddy Rangel

    over 7 years ago

    33333
  92. Igor Borisenko

    Igor Borisenko

    over 7 years ago

    55555

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