August Hermann Francke was a Lutheran-Pietist theologian, a pedagogue, a pastor, and a social reformer. His work spans from missionary coordination to preaching and from building low-income schools to teaching higher-education theology, Hebrew, and exegesis. This collection of his translated works contains a variety of his writings, from his exegetical instruction to his behavioral control ethics. His zeal and intellect shine through these writings, demonstrating his political and ecumenical leadership, his vision for foreign missions, and his heart for the poor. This collection is a must for those interested in historical Lutheran theology, pedagogy, and Christology.
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August Hermann Francke (1663–1721) was a German Lutheran theologian, preacher, and a leader of the Pietist movement. He studied philosophy, theology, and biblical languages at Erfurt, Kiel, and Leipzig, and founded, with Paul Anton, the Collegium Philobiblicum in 1686. His sermons and lectures aroused a stir in his community, generating influence and engagement in his students and oppression from his theological opponents, who dismissed him from his teaching position in 1691. Through Philipp Jakob Spener, he became pastor at a church near Halle, the university at which he became professor a year later. It was at Halle where he built most of his legacy, writing many of his books, founding numerous charitable institutions for the poor and underprivileged children, and organizing missions to India.
His legacy and influence was long-lasting. Inspired by Francke’s pedagogy and charity work, King Frederick William I of Prussia announced compulsory education in 1717. Francke’s writings remained oblivious to the Enlightenment, but his work is seen as a beginning for Christian social welfare and education, and his impact on missionary life and devotional styles influenced the next several generations in their efforts.