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Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament, 28th Edition, with Critical Apparatus (NA28)


The Novum Testamentum Graece is the basis for nearly every modern Bible translation. Used by scholars, pastors, students and translators, the Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece is the standard and globally preeminent critical edition of the Greek New Testament. The 28th edition includes fundamental revisions for better clarity and usability. The text of Catholic Epistles now incorporates the text-critical insights of the Editio Critical Maior (ECM) of the Greek New Testament—the most recent scholarly research in establishing the Greek text. In addition, newly discovered Papyri 117–127 are listed for the first time, opening up interesting perspectives, particularly on the Acts of the Apostles. The NA28 contains two resources: the morphologiclly tagged text with apparatus markers, and the critical apparatus.

Resource Experts
  • Original-language edition with critical apparatus
  • Morphologically tagged throughout
  • Lists of newly discovered Papyri
  • Systematically checked apparatus notes
  • Thoroughly revised references
The long-awaited 28th edition of the Novum Testamentum Graece has now been published. Once again the editors thoroughly examined the critical apparatus and they introduced more than 30 textual changes in the Catholic Letters, reflecting recent comprehensive collations. With the intent to make this book more user-friendly, the editors also revised the introductions and provided more explanations in English. This concise edition of the Greek New Testament, which has now grown to 1,000 pages, will continue to play a leading role in academic teaching and scholarly exegesis.

—David Trobisch, professor of New Testament language and literature, Bangor Theological Seminary

The Logos edition of Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament, 28th Edition, with Critical Apparatus equips you for better study with cutting-edge functionality and features. Logos Bible Software gives you the tools you need to use your digital library effectively and efficiently, searching for verses, finding Scripture references and citations instantly, and performing word studies. Additionally, important terms link to dictionaries, encyclopedias, commentaries, theology texts, and other resources in your library. Perform powerful searches to find exactly what you’re looking for. With most Logos resources, you can take the discussion with you using tablet and mobile apps. With Logos Bible Software, the most efficient and comprehensive research tools are in one place, so you get the most out of your study.

Barbara Aland is emeritus professor of New Testament research and church history at Westphalian Wilhelms-University of Münster. In 1983, she was appointed director of the Institute for New Testament Textual Research, an institute known for publishing the Novum Testamentum Graece.

Kurt Aland (1915–1994), German theologian and biblical scholar, founded the Institute for New Testament Research and served as its director from 1959 to 1983.

Johannes Karavidopoulos is an Orthodox scholar and emeritus professor of New Testament at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.

Carlo M. Martini (1927–2012) was an Italian Jesuit, archbishop of Milan, and cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was the only Catholic member of the ecumenical committee that published the Novum Testamentum Graece.

Bruce M. Metzger (1914–2007) was a professor at Princeton Theological seminary. A scholar of Greek, New Testament, and New Testament textual criticism, he is considered one of the most influential New Testament scholars of the twentieth century.


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  1. Nathan Harris

    Nathan Harris


  2. Kurt Gewessler
    how can I install?

  3. Emmanuel Tsoutsas
    Man, this is such a great tool but also quite a high price for a seminary student. haha

  4. Ronald Elzinga
  5. Agenor Dias

    Agenor Dias


    A wonderful tool.

  6. Michael Brown
    Great scholarly tool.

  7. Emmer



  8. Amritraj Joshua Paul
    I just bought this resource and I'm using it on my tab. I'm unable to locate the morphology of the text. Can anyone please guide me. Thanks.

  9. David Vasquez

    David Vasquez


  10. Boyd Whaley

    Boyd Whaley