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Inconsistency in Paul?: A Critique of the Work of Heikki Räisänen
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Inconsistency in Paul?: A Critique of the Work of Heikki Räisänen


Mohr Siebeck 1999

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Gathering Interest


Is Paul as inconsistent in his thinking as Heikki Räisänen suggests? With the help of several hermeneutical techniques, T.E. van Spanje shows that the contrary is the case. This revised doctoral thesis presents the argument that apparent inconsistencies in Paul's view of the Jewish Law can be reconciled when the historical context of the Torah and Second Temple Judaism are sufficiently taken into account.

Thoughtful, challenging, and compelling in its argument, van Spanje puts forward a strong defense of the internal consistency of Paul's thought and theology.

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Key Features

  • Challenges the proposal that Paul's thought was inconsistent
  • Presents contemporary views on Paul’s thought and theology
  • Includes extensive indexes and bibliography


  • Introduction: Heikki Räisänen
  • Part A: Analytical Description
    • Inconsistencies in Paul's View of the Law
    • Explanation for the inconsistencies in Paul's View of the Law
    • The Antithesis between Works of the Law and Faith in Christ
    • Historical Explanation for the Inconsistencies Relating to the Torah and Paul's Antithesis
    • Inconsistencies in Paul's View of Israel: Romans 9-11
    • Explanation for the Inconsistencies Concerning Israel
    • Theological Consequences
  • Part B: Critical Review
    • Position-finding: Räisänen’s Position within Contemporary New Testament Research
    • Towards a Critique
    • Paul as a Pastor
    • Paul as a Rhetor
    • Paul as a Theologian
  • Evaluation and Conclusions

Product Details

  • Title: Inconsistency in Paul?: A Critique of the Work of Heikki Räisänen
  • Author: T.E. van Spanje
  • Series: Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament (WUNT)
  • Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Pages: 550
  • Resource Type: Monograph
  • Topic: Pauline Studies

About T.E. van Spanje

T.E. van Spanje is a New Testament professor at Theological University Apeldoorn in the Netherlands.

Sample Pages from the Print Edition