The Messianic Jewish Epistles: Ariel’s Bible Commentary on Hebrews, James, I & II Peter, Jude
Ariel Ministries 2005
Years of meticulous study, writing, and editing have produced this remarkable commentary on the Messianic Jewish Epistles (MJE) covering the books of Hebrews, James, I Peter, II Peter, and Jude. The first installment of the Ariel Commentary Series highlights the real life concerns of 1st century Jewish believers. This important book deals with the issues Jewish believers wrestled with during the turbulent early years of the Church. While things in these epistles are applicable to all believers, some are true only of Jewish believers.
With the Mosaic Law now replaced by the law of Messiah, Jewish believers struggled with two major problems: persecution and false doctrine. To deal with the first problem of persecution, Hebrews, James, and I Peter were written. Persecution took place both within the Land of Israel and among the Jewish believers of the Diaspora – Diaspora being a technical term for Jews living outside the Land of Israel (e.g., James 1:1; I Peter 1:1). The book of Hebrews was written from within the Diaspora in order to deal with the persecution of Jewish believers in the Land of Israel. The epistles of James and I Peter were written in order to deal with the persecution of Jewish believers in the Diaspora; James written from within the Land of Israel, and I Peter written from within the Diaspora itself.
To deal with the second problem of false doctrine, two other epistles were written: II Peter and Jude. Second Peter was written from one part of the Diaspora to Jewish believers in another part of the Diaspora. Jude was written from within the Land of Israel to Jewish believers in the Diaspora.
This resource is also available as part of Ariel Ministries Messianic Collection (11 vols.).
- Title: The Messianic Jewish Epistles: Ariel’s Bible Commentary on Hebrews, James, I & II Peter, Jude
- Author: Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum
- Publisher: Ariel Ministries
- Publication Date: 2005
- Pages: 478
About Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum
One of the foremost authorities on the nation of Israel, Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum is a messianic believer and founder and director of Ariel Ministries, a Texas-based organization dedicated to evangelism and discipleship of Jewish people.
Dr. Fruchtenbaum was born in Siberia after his father was released from a communist prison there. Aided by the Israeli underground, the Fruchtenbaum family escaped from behind the Iron Curtain. While living in Germany from 1947 to 1951, Arnold received Orthodox training from his father – who had himself been reared to assume Chasidic (ultra-orthodox Jewish) leadership in Poland, only to later lose most of his family and his faith to the Holocaust. The Fruchtenbaums immigrated to New York, and five years later, at age 13, Arnold came to saving faith.
Before receiving his doctorate from New York University in 1989, Dr. Fruchtenbaum earned his Th. M. from Dallas Theological Seminary. His graduate work also includes studies at the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York City and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Having lived in Israel for three years, Dr. Fruchtenbaum’s intensive study of the role of that nation in God’s plan of world redemption has made him a much in-demand speaker at Bible conferences and schools throughout the world.