Germany, Its Universities, Theology and Religion
For years, German universities remained the center of biblical and theological scholarship. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Schaff notes, the universities in German “furnish, to a great extent . . . the ideas and principles of modern history.” To grasp intellectual history, the history of the church, and biblical and theological studies, we must first understand the nature and purpose of German scholarship.
Germany, Its Universities, Theology and Religion introduces readers to the universities in German, including the biblical and theological departments of nine German universities. Schaff describes the relationship between church and state in Germany, the nature of religious freedom, and Lutheranism in Germany.
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- Exploration of the nature and purpose of German scholarship
- Examination of the relationship between church and state in Germany
- Biographical material on 17 theologians, including Neander, Herzog, Lange, and Olshausen
Praise for the Print Edition
In the development of the discipline of church history in the United States, few scholars played a more important role than the Swiss-born, German-educated immigrant Philip Schaff. His model of careful, accurate, comprehensive, and irenic scholarship . . . remains worthy of admiration and emulation.
—R. Graham, professor of American church history, North Park Theological Seminary
No scholar of his generation has interested me so much. He was broad, powerful, a man of great genius.
Philip Schaff wanted to be remembered as a Christian scholar, and he pursued this scholarship in the context of his grand and optimistic ecumenical vision . . . Schaff was, in his own words, an inveterate hoper.
- Title: Germany, Its Universities, Theology and Religion
- Author: Philip Schaff
- Publisher: Lindsay and Blakiston
- Publication Date: 1857
- Pages: 418
About Philip Schaff
Philip Schaff (1819–1893) was born in Chur, Switzerland. He was educated in Germany at Tübingen, Halle, and Berlin, where he studied under August Neander. In 1843, he moved to America and became a professor of church history and biblical literature at the German Reformed Theological Seminary in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania.
During that time, he edited a hymnal, worked on the liturgy in the German Reformed Church, and edited a translation of the Heidelberg Catechism. The English translation of his History of the Apostolic Church appeared in 1853. Schaff remained at Mercersburg until 1863, when the Civil War forced the seminary to close.
In 1870, Schaff became a professor at Union Theological Seminary. During his tenure there, he held the chair of theological encyclopedia and Christian symbolism, the chair of Hebrew and cognate languages, the chair of sacred literature, and the chair of church history. He also served on the committee that translated the American Standard Version.
Schaff also authored or edited the History of the Christian Church, Early Church Fathers, and the New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. He is remembered as one of America’s foremost church historians of the nineteenth century.